Peacekeeping operations of the United Nations should be deployed in support of, not instead of active diplomacy efforts. This was stated by the security Council, UN Secretary-General, antónio Guterres, when he voiced some critical changes necessary to improve the effectiveness of such missions, the press service of the UN.
“Today we are going to strengthen this flagship activity of the United Nations,” said Guterres during the open debate on the reform of UN peacekeeping, noting that every day, peacekeepers create the conditions for lasting peace.
However, he added, peacekeepers also often face unreasonable and dangerous demands.
Over the years, the 55 UN peacekeeping operations successfully completed its mandate, how many political missions.
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Guterres described his vision of reforms, noting that they are partially intended to achieve critical shifts referred to in the report of an Independent high-level panel on peace operations in 2015.
First, it is necessary to recognize the “primacy of politics” to peacekeeping operations were deployed to support active diplomatic efforts, and not as their replacement, said Guterres.
“If we are able to better deal with prevention, mediation and peace-building, we can reduce unrealistic and dangerous demands on our colleagues in form,” said the UN Secretary General.
Secondly, peacekeeping operations must be properly equipped, and thirdly, they must embody the values of the United Nations, which means that sexual exploitation and abuse unacceptable.
Fourth, said Guterres, the UN needs to strengthen partnership with regional and subregional organizations such as the African Union and the European Union.
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Recalling the framework of the enhanced partnership, signed by the UN and the African Union in April, the Secretary-General said he looks forward to signing similar agreements with the European Union and explore the possibility of establishing a tripartite cooperation mechanisms.
Jose Ramos-Horta, former President of the independent high-level panel on peace operations, told the UN security Council that he welcomed the focus of the Secretary-General on conflict prevention and the renovation of peace and security, including delegation of authority to the field.
At the meeting, the Council unanimously adopted a resolution which stressed that “the primacy of policy should be the hallmark of the approach of the United Nations to resolve the conflict,” and that the prevention of conflict remains a primary responsibility of States.
A Committee of 15 members also reiterated their determination to achieve greater priority in the assessment, approval and revision of peacekeeping operations.
Recall, September 5, Russian President Vladimir Putin has said that I agree to the deployment of UN peacekeepers only on the demarcation line in the Donbass to ensure the security of observers of the Special monitoring mission of the OSCE.
However, he noted that this issue cannot be solved without direct contact with representatives of Pro-Russian militants in the Donbas.
After that, Russia sent to the UN a draft resolution on the deployment of peacekeepers in the Donbas.
In turn, September 7, Poroshenko stressed that UN peacekeepers should be deployed throughout the temporarily occupied territory, including uncontrolled land border with Russia.