Effective and reference. Someone is against?

Against changing the format of the peacekeeping operation are 98% of the inhabitants of Transnistria. These data were presented at last Wednesday in the Transnistrian state University. Shevchenko’s international online conference “Peacekeeping operation on the Dniester: a quarter-century of stability and security”. In the poll which was commissioned by the Ministry of foreign Affairs of the PMR took part 525 Transnistrians from all cities and districts of the Republic. As an effective peacekeeping mission described 92% (17% of participants in the poll were undecided) of respondents as trusted — 85%, the ideal number of participants believe 75% of respondents. Against the involvement in a peacekeeping operation soldiers of the United States voted 95% of study participants, NATO — 93%, EU countries — 85%, UN — 83%, OSCE — 76%.

By the way, about the OSCE. In recent field Mission of this organization in Moldova actively pushing the idea of monitoring the security Zone as their representatives in parallel with the Russian, Transnistrian, Moldovan and Ukrainian military observers. This Obcasny the initiative actively, as emphasized earlier in interview “News of Transnistria” the co-Chairman of the JCC from Transnistria Oleg Belyakov, supported by the Moldovan side. The idea is not new. A few years earlier for the same thing called the representatives of Ukraine, participating in the meetings of the Commission. However, according to experts, any attempt reformatting operation led to the scrapping of the current format, which is unique and, as stressed in his speech at the conference the Minister of foreign Affairs of the PMR Vitaly Ignatiev, “reference” for all conflict points.

Despite the fact that the Organization for security and cooperation in Europe is not a direct participant in peacemaking operations, however, its representatives are constantly present at the meetings of the joint control Commission and attend other activities held in the framework of the peacekeeping mission on the Dniester. As noted by ex-Minister of foreign Affairs of Transnistria, and current special representative of the President of the PMR on issues of relations with Ukraine, Vladimir Yastrebchak, when acting in the zone of the Moldovan-Transnistrian conflict peacekeeping operation trying to criticize for lack of “internationalization”, it is worth Recalling that the OSCE comprises 57 States of Europe, Asia and North America.

Among the arguments promulgated by proponents of the collapse of the trilateral peacekeeping operation on the Dniester and its replacement with a UN or Oblasnoy observation mission, often involves judgement about the absence of an international mandate of the peacekeepers. Those who resort to such arguments are either poorly informed or deliberately disingenuous. On the indirect participation of the OSCE, as mentioned above. Moreover, during the conference repeatedly cited the words of one of the former leaders of the OSCE Mission in Moldova that if a peacekeeping operation was not successful, the OSCE if it is not connected. As for the UN, the question of the mandate of the peacekeeping in Transnistria, as well as in South Ossetia and Abkhazia, was seen in new York. It was decided to grant the right to stabilize local conflicts Russia as the legal successor of the USSR. This kind of UN decisions were taken often enough. In addition to missions of the United Nations, currently in different regions of the planet undergo surgery under the auspices of the OSCE, EU, NATO, continental international organizations. For example, very often used “inter-African peacekeeping force” and fight with teeth in their mouth by Somali pirates were engaged separately, the Navy of NATO countries, Russia, China, India and the nearby States. All this happened with the sanctions of the UN security Council.

Each of them has adopted its own peace formula. The involvement of peacekeeping contingent of one of the conflicting parties first occurred in the zone of the Georgian-Ossetian conflict, and the soldiers of both warring parties on the Dniester. In Abkhazia acted in CIS shny peacekeeping mandate. However, there were only Russian peacekeepers, but it was the will of the heads of CIS States, including Georgia. During the online conference held on Wednesday in the main University of Transnistria, about the “lack of” at the operations of the international mandate, the head of the Transnistrian Ministry of foreign Affairs Vitaly Ignatiev recalled that at the time the conflict region was visited by experts from the United Nations. “They concluded that the peacekeeping operation conforms to international standards.”

An important feature of this conference was that in its work took part as the current co-chair of the joint control Commission from Pridnestrovie Oleg Belyakov, and three of his predecessors: Vladimir Rylyakov (the first head of the Transnistrian delegation to JCC), Vladimir Bodnar and Alexander Porojan. So, the current head of the Transnistrian delegation to the Commission said that in two years, the OCC was able to localize more than 50 incidents in the security Zone, each of which could, under certain conditions, escalate into conflict. However, Oleg Belyakov emphasized that Chisinau each time taking all new and new attempts of breaking existing in the zone of conflict peacekeeping mechanism. And this applies not only leaders in Chisinau, but Moldovan representatives directly involved in the work of the OCC.

One of the notable attacks on the peacekeeping mission in the Dniester region, according to Oleg Belyakov, the blockade of Moldova exercises of the Joint peacekeeping forces. Earlier review of the readiness of a message (doctrine) was carried out twice a year. But the last time the exercise was organized in April 2013. Here it is worth Recalling that in the history of peacekeeping operations was already the period when the Moldovan side boycotted all joint activities — from exercise to divorces when taking over the posts. It is noteworthy that simultaneously the same side of Georgia, occurred in the zone of the Georgian-Ossetian conflict. There in 2008 the actions of Tbilisi for scrapping the peacekeeping operation ended “five-day war”. By the way, along with Georgia, the blame for the incident in August 2008 tragic developments in South Ossetia must also share the mission of international observers, “missed” the concentration of Georgian troops. It turns out that the tanks and jet systems of volley fire — needle in a haystack. The OSCE mission worked there, regardless of the Mixed peacekeeping forces. Something similar, as mentioned above, now offer to the Moldovan-Transnistrian conflict. Although the Transnistrians very well know, what ended the mission of civilian observers from Russia, Moldova, Ukraine and Romania who worked in Bendery in April-June 1992. Moldovan and Romanian observers “disappeared” the day before the invasion of the Moldavian army and police in the city, and their Russian and Ukrainian colleagues had hurriedly evacuated from the city under fire.

By the way, about participation of Ukraine in resolving the Moldovan-Transnistrian conflict. Kiev does not give up any of his status of guarantor and mediator in the negotiation process, nor of the participation in peacekeeping operations. On the other hand, Ukraine in 2006, along with Moldova given to the economic pressure on Transnistria. Not so long ago, she denounced the agreement with Russia on transit through its territory of goods to the peacekeeping contingent of the Russian Federation. At the same time, Moldova began to return home arriving on the replacement of Russian peacekeepers. The timing of actions is obvious. Just as she was clear and in 2006-2008, when the Georgian and Moldovan peacekeepers “independently” from each other boycotted all events held in the framework of the relevant operations. Chisinau returned to peacekeeping work only after Georgia was defeated in the “five day war”.

At the time, was the question of broader representation on Kiev peacekeeping operations on the Dniester. Participating in the conference the former leaders of the Transnistrian delegation to JCC Vladimir Bodnar and Alexander Porojan spoke about how the negotiations were conducted about the connection of Kiev to peacekeeping operations. It was a joint initiative between Tiraspol and Chisinau. Both Moldova and Transnistria have requested to be part in the mission, a battalion of Ukrainian troops. Ukraine began to count the money, although at the time its troops have performed peacekeeping duty in very distant foreign countries. But in contrast to the participation in the SMS for the UN operation relied impressive investment in the state Treasury, than was earned and earn a small and very poor countries. However, this part of Kiev in a peacekeeping operation, even in the form of ten military observers, too, in the unanimous opinion of the participants of the conference strongly. Ukraine is considered full participant of peacekeeping operations, and the funnier the words of many Ukrainian politicians about the “Russian occupation of inalienable part of Moldova”.

As mentioned above, it was an online conference. In her work remotely was attended by Russian experts. In particular, its positive assessment ongoing for 25 years, peacekeeping operations have given the Professor of the Department of regional studies and foreign policy of the Russian state University for the Humanities Sergey Markedonov, who repeatedly both in our Republic and in other conflict zones. In addition, he supported the General opinion of the conference participants of the uniqueness and effectiveness of the peacekeeping mission on the Dniester, the expert also emphasized that it is a quarter of a century ago, was the saving for the Republic of Moldova, which experienced a period of internal instability. The same, according to the Russian scientist, for and Georgia, quickly agreed to the holding of the primacy of Russia’s peacekeeping operation in the Georgian-South Ossetian conflict. “Today many people say, especially in European countries that Russia “did not, did not do so.” Such “losers” is obtained. But in 1992, somehow, to this “losers” listened not only those parties, which were seen as Pro-Russian: Pridnestrovie and South Ossetia, but also Georgia and Moldova were waiting for the development of Russian peacekeeping”, — said Sergey Markedonov.

The conference ended with the adoption of a resolution which, in particular, it was said that “established over a quarter century of peacekeeping design, organized in a tripartite format is based on the key principle of consensus between all participants in the mechanism for the maintenance of peace, is a vivid example of the fact that international peacekeeping can be effective when taking into account the real situation in the conflict and respect for interests of stakeholders”. Forum participants also urged the leadership of Moldova and Ukraine “to revise the discriminatory logic of interaction with Transnistria, to stop implementation of the measures pressure, as well as steps aimed at a realignment of the existing peacekeeping design, to take measures to stabilize the site of the JCC”.

Was the resolution a paragraph concerning the us media, which read: “the conference offer media and expert community of Pridnestrovie, Moldova, the Russian Federation and Ukraine to achieve a comprehensive and objective reporting of progress in the peace process with a focus on highlighting the unique trilateral format of the peacekeeping mission on the Dniester”. Actually, that’s what we do.