The highest pension in Ukraine is 58 thousand hryvnias, it gets a test pilot, hero of Ukraine. Of the 12 million Ukrainian pensioners by nearly eight million are approximately minimal (1312 UAH). After the government’s proposed pension reform to higher pension will be more difficult. The website “Today” found out who and why Ukraine gets the biggest pension and as the situation changes.
Provided the rest
High is the pension, which is 60% of the usual earnings. In 102nd Convention of the International labour organization says: the amount of the pension must be at least 40% of the earnings of the beneficiary. At the moment, at a salary about 10 thousand hryvnias and 30 years of service can receive a pension less than UAH 2,300 (23% of salary), and after the reform – to 1,700 hryvnia (less than 17% of salary). At the same time, some Ukrainians have the right to retire at 60% or even 80% of their earnings.
For several years Ukraine has limitations: size of the pension assigned should not exceed 10 740 hryvnias. However, if the pension, for example, 20 thousand were assigned to restrictions, “to cut” payments, no one will, explain in the Pension Fund.
The average pension of a judge – more than 22 thousand hryvnias, members of Parliament on retirement receive an average of 15 thousand hryvnias, and prosecutors – about 10 thousand. This is due to the fact that these categories retire under special laws. So, parliamentarians and prosecutors are entitled to pension to 60% of salary, and the judges – 80%. However it should be noted that in Ukraine only 2969 judges, prosecutors and 5815 969 parliamentarians receive pensions. Given that the total number of pensioners exceeded 12 million, “high”, the pension received a smaller percentage of Ukrainians.
By the way, the constitutional court ruled to limit the size of payments to the judges within 10 740 hryvnias. Their pension – 80% of salary including all allowances and bonuses. By the way, in the framework of pension reform, the government plans to cancel the “special” pensions for public prosecutors, government officials, civil servants, scientists, journalists. Innovations will affect everyone except people’s deputies and judges. Additionally, we discuss how to calculate the pension to the military.
Richest pensioners live in Kiev, and the poorest – in the Ternopil region
Given that the calculation of pension takes into account the size of the salary, the highest pensions are received in the capital. Primarily this is due to the traditionally high salaries in the capital. Now Kiev pensioners receive an average of more than 2,500 hryvnia.
In the second place the size of pensions of Donetsk region. Here on the average the Ukrainians in retirement are getting more in 2100 hryvnia. Approximately 2000 UAH receive Lugansk pensioners. The average pension at the level of 1600 UAH in Ternopil, Transcarpathian and Chernivtsi regions.
Not all pensioners over 55 years. Superannuation a “deserved rest” are teachers, some doctors, miners, military, police, etc. in Ukraine – 693 thousand people. After the reform “special” pensions they cancel. Social pension (946 hryvnias) get to 94.7 thousand people – those who most of his life worked informally (or not worked). The most numerous category of pensioners by age, they are more than 9.1 million people.
For the latter, the pension is calculated by the following formula:
The average salary in the country for three years × own salary/average salary in the country × number of years worked × 1,35%
To obtain at least 40% of the ratio of their earnings to a national average for three years, at the moment, need to work 30 years. After the pension reform for those same 40% will need to have 40 years of experience. This is due to the fact that the coefficient estimates of experience are offered to reduce from 1.35% to 1%.
How to get higher pensions after the reform
According to the Ministry of social policy, the real cost of living for a pensioner – 2500 UAH. This is the amount which is sufficient to purchase a minimum “basket” of goods and services. All who get less, in fact, live below the poverty line. After reforms to the pension of 2500 UAH with 35 years of experience you need to get paid 1.9 times higher than the average. At the moment it is more than 12 thousand hryvnia. However, if you work 38 years, retiring in 2500 hryvnia you can get with a salary of 11 thousand. Read more about how the pension will be calculated after the reform, can be read here.
An expert in the field of pensions Galina Tretyakov is sure that the high amount of the basic pension system can not provide. In fact, not to live in poverty in old age, you need to open an account in a private pension Fund, or collect money yourself, or wait until the mandatory state accumulation Fund.
Funded pension was planning to launch a few years ago, but, as they say in the Ministry of social policy, this can be done only after the deficit of the solidarity system will be eliminated. Now that PF has collected all taxes and paid all pensions, for the year turns out with a hole 141 billion. This money should be compensated from the state Treasury.
We will remind, earlier “Today” wrote that in Ukraine it is possible to collect on the pension itself.