The strategy of the West in Syria

After more than six years since the beginning of the civil war in Syria is becoming obvious that the strategy of Western countries led by the United States against this country waiting for the inevitable failure.

When, in 2011, in Syria the conflict began, the West lashed out against the Syrian regime and President Bashar al-Assad, in particular. All the official rhetoric pointed to the need for the removal of Assad from power. Thus, it was argued that while Assad heads the country, neither of which the settlement of the Syrian crisis is out of the question. However, the problem is that Western States are unable to prepare a clear action plan and establish mechanisms necessary for the implementation of this plan. As a result, all their threats were empty, and were not taken seriously by the Syrian regime and its allies.

The United States and other Western countries, such as France, for example, to achieve their goals in Syria have relied on training and support so-called “Free Syrian army”, which thus received the necessary weapons and military training took place. However, currently all goes to the fact that either the free army will be defeated, or join the extremist wing of the opposition.

Another approach that has been adopted by Western States appear to have suggested the involvement of regional players who have provided support to armed groups opposed to the ruling regime. The fact is that Western countries cannot support these groups directly because they are terrorist or are recognized as such. At the same time, these armed groups could not be regarded as a democratic alternative to the dictatorial regime of Assad. After the rise of the “Islamic state” (banned in Russia — approx. ed.), the policy of Western countries has changed — they began to fight with the terrorist organization, which has seized vast territory in Syria and Iraq. Thus, was formed the international coalition that has made it a priority to combat “Islamic state” in the Union with regional powers.

The game has changed since the beginning of the Russian intervention in Syria and the creation of the Alliance, which includes Russia, the Syrian regime, Iran, Hezbollah and other organizations like the latter group. The ruling regime in Syria was able to turn the Syrian people’s fight for democracy in the fight against terrorism. With the spread of international terrorism, which even touched Europe and the mass influx of Syrian refugees in European States, which became the last real nightmare, the West focused all their attention on combating terrorism and the crisis over Syrian refugees.


© official account of the Ministry of defense of Russia in Kontaktirate engineers International anti-mine centre of the Russian Armed Forces in the liberated Aleppo

The Syrian regime and its allies took advantage of this situation and were able to establish control over much of Syria. Thus, the liberation of Aleppo was a turning point in the Syrian conflict, to facilitate the beginning of the retreat of armed groups and the defeat of the Syrian armed opposition in connection with the loss of its influence on the situation in Syria.

In addition, the allies of the Assad regime was able to implement its plans to resolve the conflict, involving actions both inside Syria and abroad. In particular, agreements were reached with local armed groups that made it possible to conduct negotiations in Astana and the agreement on the establishment of the Syrian so-called “zones of de-escalation”.


© Ministry of defence Rfsuny de-escalation in Syria

After coming to power in the United States Donald trump scale military intervention of the us military in Syria has been raised. As the purpose was proclaimed the struggle against terrorism in cooperation with local partners, especially the Kurds. At the same time, Washington has intensified its rhetoric against Iran. The problem is that US military intervention in Syria takes place in the framework of the old strategy, and that over time they discover that they are approaching the clash with the Syrian regime and its allies, especially the Iranians, who own many benefits on the ground in Syria and Iraq. The United States is unable to successfully confront Iran in Syria militarily. So, according to former U.S. Ambassador to Syria Robert Ford, the Americans will be defeated in a military confrontation with Iran and the Shiite militias, whose influence is growing. In addition, it can lead to the outbreak of a military confrontation with Russia, the results of which are unpredictable.

In General, the failure of American and European policy in Syria is not something new. On the contrary, is a culmination of all the previous failures in the course of the intervention in Iraq and Afghanistan. It’s time to realize that the United States was not able to find a solution to the Syrian crisis without achieving understanding and dialogue with Russia, which involves the interaction with several other players, which the US administration does not want to do.