Puzzled weight of the child, according to experts, is still before the birth of the baby — to monitor the diet of a pregnant woman. And begin to normalize the weight of the baby need if he is a chubby with cute folds and drooping cheeks a La hamster — this is the 1st stage of obesity!
How to prevent appearance of extra pounds in children, know our experts: Ludmila Denisenko, independent nutritionist and member of the European Association for the study of obesity, and Boris Skachko, an independent nutritionist, phytotherapist. The main tips from the experts — five.
1. TABOO ON COW’S MILK
The ratio of proteins and fats in cow’s milk is 1:1, and a perfect balance for a child — 3:1. The body of infants is not designed for this amount of protein, and the incomplete digested food leads to the replenishment of the fat. The ratio of omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 for a harmonious metabolism 5:1, and in cow’s milk it 2:1. Because milk cows may appear in the menu of the baby not before. But if the child cannot be fed mother’s milk, use adapted formulas.
2. SHOULD NOT BE FORCED TO EAT
Food “through I can not” means that GIT does not emit enough enzymes, because there is a brutal appetite. And neparvarama food to replenish fat stores. Overeating can become a dangerous habit. Because feed your baby on request. But if the child is lagging behind in weight gain (who you can find on the Internet) is necessary to consult a doctor to exclude the disease-causing malarstwo.
3. FOOD IS NOT A PROMOTION AND NOT PUNISHMENT
No “Good job, cleaned the room, candy”, “let’s take a Walk only if all eat this.” Otherwise, the subcortex of the child is delayed, that food is the way of solace or punishment. As an adult, people stress sticking a sweet or he has an eating disorder.
4. MOM: DON’T LEAN ON THE MUFFIN
Sugar and flour products from flour of first and higher grades lead to spikes in sugar levels not only in the body of the pregnant woman but also her unborn child. And because the baby can gain weight in the womb. By the way, Soviet women the average weight of newborns was 3000 g, and the modern — 500g more.
Reason: to mom from the Soviet Union sweets were scarce, the current — free access. Don’t forget also that the pancreas of the baby is just being formed, and in terms of the oscillations of insulin and its functions can be violated in the womb. So in the future (after the birth) it will lead to obesity. Because in “interesting position” a woman should not lean on pies, cakes, buns and chocolates. Replace them with healthy sweets like fruit. Then they should be in the menu of the grown child.
5. PROTEINS INTRODUCED GRADUALLY
During fetal development the baby is formed the number of fat cells, and after birth they grow in proportion to muscle mass. Excess protein in the diet of the child can lead to the formation of muscular tissue in excess of and cause the baby problems with the kidneys. Because up to two years, a child can eat up to 36 g of protein per day. This, for example, the day: 50 g of cottage cheese (the protein is 8 g), 50 g of beef or rabbit (13 g), 100 g of cereals (average 9 g), an egg a day (7 grams). At the age of 2-3 years the norm of protein — 42 g / day, 3-7 years — 54 g, 9-10, 63 g, older, for each year, plus 10 grams.
HOW TO REDUCE EXCESS WEIGHT
- 4 tablespoons
So weekly to reduce the amount of food eaten by the child for the day, bringing it up to standards — the amount of food at a sitting, like two handfuls.
- 0 minutes
Under any circumstances the child should not eat in front of the TV with your tablet or phone in hand. Otherwise it will move due to the fact that you will not experience the time of saturation and because chewing is a reflex, as soon as you sit behind the gadgets.
- 3 times a week
Many times for an hour, there may be lessons in sports sections and 1.5 hours in intellectual. Otherwise from exhaustion it will be no end to reach for something sweet to replenish the energy.
- 30 ml of water per day per 1 kg of weight of the child
Otherwise, dehydration and metabolic disorder: weight does not decrease even when complying with the previous tips.
- 0 grams
The child should not eat foods containing sugar and flour. Simple carbohydrates lead to weight gain, and refusal reduces weight by 20% or more.
- 10 hours a day
So night must sleep children up to 14 years older — at least 9 hours. Otherwise reduces the production of somatotropin — a hormone which reduces the deposition of subcutaneous fat, enhances the combustion and stabilizes the ratio of muscle and fat mass.