Published the results of a large-scale study “Global burden of disease” (Global Burden of Disease), during which the scientists found out, what diseases lead to the greatest number of deaths among patients, as well as what factors most strongly affect the health of people around the world and their life expectancy, according to Healthdata.
This study involved more than two thousand scholars, together with experts from the Institute for the study of health at the University of Washington (Institute of Health Metrics and Evaluation).
The list of reasons that lead to the greatest number of deaths included diarrhea, infections of the lower respiratory tract, malaria, AIDS/HIV, neonatal mortality associated with premature birth. Over the past 10 years the number of deaths due to these causes declined by nearly 30%. The scientists noted that significantly reduced the infant mortality rate for 2016 was dead for five million children under the age of five years. In 1990 the figure was 11 million.
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The authors of the study attributed the reduction in child mortality with increase in level of education of mothers, the development of vaccination programmes, improved drinking water quality and many other factors.
The head of the Institute Christopher Murray explained that the researchers were able to identify the main factors that most significantly influence the probability of premature death. It is obesity, military conflicts and mental illness.
Scientists have also found out what diseases most commonly affect the inhabitants of the planet, not resulting in death: back pain, migraines, hearing loss, iron-deficiency anemia and clinical depression.