# How not to lose subsidy: Ukrainians will receive a “discount” under the new rules

In Ukraine for a few months will start the heating season 2017/2018. Millions of families will recalculate subsidies under the new rules. Social standards of consumption, which covers a “discount” will reduce, and punish cheating in the Declaration will be tougher. These families not only take away the subsidy, but was forced to return to the budget illegally used money. The website “Today” figured out who was in Ukraine to receive a “discount” on communal and how not to lose support from the state.

Who gets subsidies in Ukraine

At the moment, the subsidy for 6.3 million families, according to the data of the state statistics. Thus now a “discount” get a total of 3.6 million households (57,9% of those who applied). Explain this situation is simply. In summer, the Ukrainians do not need to pay for heating, which experts estimate is 70% of the cost of communal. So many subsidient the salary is enough to pay utilities.

For example, a family of three people with a total income of 9 thousand UAH for communal without subsidies can spend 1,247 USD. Anything over and above this amount (within social norms), compensates for the subsidy. In the summer of 1247 UAH enough to pay communal, and in the winter, with the heating not. Therefore, during the heating season, such a family receives a discount, and not in the heating – you have to pay the bills themselves.

By the way, the website “Today” has developed a calculator that allows you to calculate the approximate amount of the subsidy.

How much you should pay for communal subsidy
How many people in your family:
What is the total income of your family (UAH):

How do you heat the house:
There is Central heating
Heated with gas

What area of your home (m2):

How many can pay for communal*:
* If the specified amount is sufficient for the payment of utilities with no subsidy, “discount” is not entitled to

What is covered by the subsidy:

The calculator shows a sample calculation. The final decision on the appointment of subsidies are received by the local authority of social protection, which also can calculate the exact amount of the grant.

The average size of discounts this summer dropped a few times. So, in February, the state for each subsidence spent an average of 1570 UAH, and in the past month – a total of 164 of the hryvnia. But after a few months, with the start of the heating season, the amount of the payment will go up, and with them will grow and the average size of the discounts.

According to estimates of the Ministry of social policy, this winter the number of subsidianes may increase to 9 million families (in Ukraine, 15 million households). Last year, the Ministry of Finance calculated: the subsidy program in 2017 will need 47 billion, however, in may, it became clear – money is not enough. The Cabinet had to make changes and increase the budget to 61 billion. Read more about why the money for subsidies is not enough, and what it led to, can be read here.

How not to lose the subsidy

To repay the debt for communal. A few months ago, the government improved the subsidy program. One of the innovations if the family received a discount last season and has accumulated arrears of at least two months, the subsidy is not renewed.

In the decree “About the simplified order of granting subsidies” said the local bodies of social protection should inform the debtor that the subsidy for the following season, he won’t get. This moment has two months to repay the debt or the contract of debt restructuring. If to fulfill these requirements, the subsidy will appoint from the moment of documentary proof (you will have to show social security a copy of the contract restructuring or receipt of payment of the debt).

In addition, if grantee does not pay for communal services, representatives of condominiums or housing management organization can address in bodies of social protection in order to “discount” such a family was taken away.

Photo: archive

To properly fill out the Declaration, and if something has changed – report the social security. The subsidy can take, if it turns out that a Ukrainian hid one of the sources of his income and lied in the Declaration. Such violations may be: informal employment, additional income from housing delivery in rent, business activities, the income from which “forgot” to mention in the Declaration, etc. Social inspectors, according to the decree No. 848, have the right to examine material living conditions subsidence. And if during such studies will prove that the real financial situation is different from that declared, “discount” can take.

It is worth remembering about the “ban” on large purchases. If grantee has spent on a product or service from 50 thousand UAH for next season he could leave without “discounts”. With the exception of medical costs. That is, if it is to buy a plot of land, a car, a technique that is at least 50 thousand, next season will have to pay communal yourself. Recall the “discount” for communal is assigned separately for heating and non-heating seasons. According to the Ministry of social policy, most often from Ukrainians take away subsidies for big purchases.

In bodies of social protection you must inform: if you change the number of guests in the apartment or house of the people, if you have changed your financial situation (someone lost his job or Vice versa – arranged on a new place).

In the last year for “mistakes” in the declarations, the Ukrainians did not were punished. In the same year illegally used the subsidy will have to return to the budget. If the consumer refused to voluntarily return the money to him, as stated in the decree of the Cabinet of Ministers may submit to the court.

Will check new

The Ministry of Finance conducts verification of all recipients of welfare benefits, including subsidianes. A special Department compares information from different public registers and databases and finds a mismatch. The Ministry of Finance also gained access to the Bank accounts of Ukrainians.

In addition, the Ministry of social policy has registered a bill that proposes to create an “Institute of social inspector”. Now, this Department reports directly to local bodies of social protection and, as noted by officials in the explanatory Memorandum to the bill, shows very modest results. If the document will support parliamentarians in Ukraine will create a “grey list” of beneficiaries, which in the first place will have to check the social inspectors. “Auditor” will have the right to initiate an audit of the financial status of the family, to visit beneficiaries and subsidianes at their place of residence. If the inspector finds out that the family hid an extra income or real estate, social assistance will be canceled, and again requested to assign the benefit or subsidy can only be made after six months.

Photo: archive

Already at the end of this year, the Ministry will create a single register of subsidianes. This tool will allow you to determine whether the family receives a subsidy at the place of their actual residence. “Now the problem remains the issue of providing subsidies to place of actual residence of the citizen, and not at the place of registration. However, the Ministry of social policy of Ukraine to the appeal of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on human rights was informed about the impossibility of revising the procedure of appointment of housing subsidies on the actual place of residence because of the lack of a unified database of recipients of subsidies”, – stated in the recommendations of the parliamentary Committee on social protection.

Experts of the civil network OPORA in a single database should contain information about death, moving, loss of a passport subsidence. This single account will simplify the control procedure.