On Wednesday, President Donald trump has supported the bill providing for a significant reduction in legal immigration and the introduction of a point system of issuing work visas instead of the one that exists now.
This program is similar to the system used in Australia and Canada (which often trump praises) the fact that potential immigrants are awarded points according to the evaluation results in various categories. In accordance with this system 140 thousand visas available under the annual quota will be distributed first among those who will receive maximum points.
In accordance with this program (if it approves the Congress to achieve what would be difficult) and the maximum number of points without regard to special circumstances, could expect, for example, a candidate aged 26-31 years old, received US doctorate or a professional degree. In addition, it should almost be fluent in English and have a job offer, the salary which is three times the average income in the relevant region.
You have an Olympic medal or a Nobel prize winner? This will also add you points.
To apply for a visa the candidate has to score at least 30 points.
Points will be awarded as follows.
Preference is given to candidates of Prime working age. Candidate aged between 18 years to 21 years receives six points at the age of 22-25 years to eight points, and those who are 26-30 years, award 10 points.
For people older points are awarded on a descending scale: candidates aged 31 to 35 years accrue eight points, applicants aged 36-40 years — six points, 41-45 years — four points, and those who are 46-50 years, you can count on two points.
Minors under 18 years of age and persons older than 50 years will not earn points. However, people older than 50 years, still can apply for visa.
Points are awarded subject to the highest level of education available to the candidate. Candidate with high school diploma United States or an equivalent document of a foreign educational institution is charged one point. For the bachelor’s degree of a foreign educational institution awarded five points, and the us — six points.
Master degree obtained in a foreign University in the Sciences (STEM), gives seven points, and a master’s degree obtained in the United States — eight points. The holder of a professional or doctoral degree obtained in a foreign University awarded 10 points, and in the us — 13 points.
Proficiency in English
Give points for the English proficiency, which is determined by the standard test in the English language.
The candidates who pass the test on knowledge of language at the level of less than 60% points are not awarded. English language proficiency at the level of 60-80% is estimated to be six points. Knowledge of the language at a higher level — for example, at the level of 80% to 90%, 90% and 100% — assessed 10, 11 and 12 points, respectively.
If you have a formal offer of employment
The only point in the system of awarding points regarding employment in the United States, is the wages. This is done in order to stimulate the growth of wages.
If the applicant has a job where he will receive a salary of at least 150% of the average family income in the state where he is employed, he is awarded five points. If the proposed salary level is 200% or 300% of the median income for the state, it gets 10 or 13 points.
For “outstanding achievements” bonus points, which are mainly reserved for major international awards. Under the proposed point system Nobel prize winners or “comparable” awards awarded 25 points.
Candidates who won in the individual championship medal at the Olympic games or similar international sporting events, will be credited 15 points.
In the case of the bill it would abolish a category of visas issued to encourage foreign investment in the U.S. EB-5, which was used by the company belonging to the family son-in-law trump Jared Kushner (Jared Kushner) for the implementation of major projects in the field of real estate.
Under this program, the applicant is investing $ 1.35 million in creating a “new commercial enterprise” in the U.S., which will run for three years and which will be the main kind of activity of the applicant is awarded six points. If the investment is $ 1.8 million, the number of points earned increases to 12.
Under the bill applicants to bring their spouses, will have to consider those points that their husband or wife would receive in the same category.