Thursday will mark three years that Petro Poroshenko is presidential chair. During this time he managed to conclude Minsk agreements to achieve the stabilization of the economy and visa-free regime with European countries. “Today,” recalled the main achievements of the fifth President of Ukraine and outlined the tasks before him.
ELECTIONS. The next presidential election was scheduled for March 29, 2015. However, after the events of Euromaidan and the flight of Viktor Yanukovych, the current government and the opposition signed an agreement on resolving the crisis, one of the points of which was to hold early presidential elections no later than December 2014. At the end of February has officially started the election campaign and the elections were scheduled for may 25.
The budget of the race amounted to almost UAH 2 billion, but voter turnout exceeded 60%. Most actively voted in Lviv region (turnout 78%), and worst of all — in Donetsk (15.4 per cent). The elections were won by Petro Poroshenko with 55% of the vote margin over the nearest competitor by as much as 42%! Today the head of the state faces the challenge of his second term — with the help of scientists, we analyzed the intermediate results and objectives.
Success: Minsk, bezviz and growth
According to experts, one of the main and first achievements of Petro Poroshenko as President — the revival of key state institutions. “For example, the army and security services. And it was not only restoration, but reformation. The second undeniable success — the Minsk agreements. They can someone not like it, but they gave time for a breather. This is a diplomatic victory of Poroshenko”, — says politekspert Vadim Karasev.
He puts in the credit to the President also the revival of the national economy, a number of reforms and successful decentralization: “There are a lot of unhappy and a lot of different estimates, but if you objectively look, I think that this is a major achievement.” Recall that the decentralization was one of the main theses of the President. To date, a 415 terramed, and thanks to the reform of the local budgets, according to Prime Minister Vladimir Groisman, in the first quarter of 2017 increased by UAH 14.5 bn.
Political analyst Volodymyr Fesenko, too, in the success of enter the growth. “Of course, is the merit not only the President, but to a large extent and the government, but it’s his course, and instead of falling economy we have a positive growth trend, albeit small. In addition, paradoxically, but Poroshenko was able not only to maintain but, in some areas, strengthen its political influence within the system of power. And this is despite all the political and economic difficulties. Can not forget the last event, the brightest and most visible — the provision of Ukraine bezveze” — sums up the expert. Recall, its adoption was postponed several times due to various political scandals. Poroshenko personally came several times to the Parliament to persuade MPs to vote everything you need for bezveza laws.
Tasks: social sphere, corruption and the Donbass
According to the analyst Ruslan Bortnik, now Petro Poroshenko needs to focus on the economy and social issues: “these are Precisely the areas most affected. And after the beginning of growth of the economy, the war in the Donbass can not be an excuse for problems in these matters. So the important thing now for the President: creating jobs, putting our products to new markets and the increase of salaries and pensions.”
The expert also refers to another important aspect, which the President needs to pay attention in the near future, the completion of high-profile cases. Here Bortnik recalls the case of the shooting on the Maidan, the tragic events in Odessa on may 2 and the results of recent high-profile murder of journalist Pavel Sheremet, the lawyer Yury Grabovsky and ex-Deputy of the state Duma of the Russian Federation Denis Boronenkov.
Karasev agree that Poroshenko now needs to expand to the social roles of the President, and not to remain in the role of President, commander in chief and President diplomat. But he adds: we must continue to work to fight against corruption. “There seems to be a lot done, but at the same time, the efficiency of anti-corruption reforms are still low. Third, you need to continue to integrate into Europe. Need Europeanization not only from the point of view of further integration in the EU, but also from the point of view of the update of the state institutions, power, life, economy according to European standards”, — adds the analyst.
Vladimir Fesenko believes that the most urgent task of the President — work on the ratings and preparing favorable conditions for a successful presidential run in 2019: “this implies the remaining task is to stabilize and strengthen the political and economic situation in the country. Finally, it is necessary to strengthen political stability. The situation today remains very difficult — we see the preservation of anarchist tendencies: the disunited coalition, BP sometimes operates separately from the Cabinet. Although the risks are not as obvious as in 2014. Well, the last traditional task is very difficult, — the cessation of the war in the Donbass”, — concluded the analyst.