Anyone can suffer from food poisoning. You can get poisoned in the property, places to eat, on a picnic, and even at home the food that you yourself prepared. The cause can be poor quality or spoiled food, meals, which were prepared or kept in violation of health standards, writes likar.info.
Poisoning caused by microbes, toxins and other poisonous substances taken into the body with food. The consequences can be very serious – from dehydration to the disruption of organs and systems, up to a lethal outcome. Health and life depends on how timely and adequately he was given first aid. .
The first symptoms of poisoning
The time of appearance of first symptoms and the symptoms depend on what caused the poisoning. If a person is poisoned by poor quality food, the first symptoms of intoxication usually appear within 2-4 hours after a meal. If caused by poisonous mushrooms, berries or plants – usually after 4-12 hours.
Characteristic symptoms of diseases – nausea, vomiting, colic, diarrhea. If there is headache, increased body temperature, increased heart rate, the person feels weakness, and the skin became cyanotic – the signs of acute intoxication. This condition requires immediate medical attention.
Poisoning by mushrooms, plants and berries may develop slowly and rapidly. In this case, to save the life of a person every minute.
Food poisoning can be treated at home only with a mild degree of intoxication. But it is to heal, not to neglect. If the threatening symptoms of intoxication that required hospitalization. Especially if the cause of poisoning were mushrooms, canned foods, and alcoholic beverages.
With the appearance of nausea and diarrhea after ingestion of the child, it is recommended to immediately call a doctor.
First aid for food poisoning
If you or your loved ones have developed symptoms of poisoning after eating, first of all, analyze what could be the cause. If before the man was eating mushrooms, berries, canned foods, or drinking alcohol, you should immediately call an ambulance. Before arrival of doctors the patient needs first aid. The same principles need to observe the person with mild poisoning.
The cleansing of the stomach. Through vomiting, the body tries to detoxify. A person needs to drink plenty of liquids. You need to drink to complete cessation of vomiting. The last attack vomit should be a relatively pure liquid without impurities of food and mucus. This means that the stomach is cleansed.
If vomiting does not occur spontaneously, it must be called. For this purpose, an aqueous solution of salt, baking soda or a weak solution of potassium permanganate. The solution irritates the stomach wall and starts cleaning the vomit. If this does not happen, then it must cause irritation of the tongue root.
If the person is unconscious, delusional or very weakened state, impossible to make him vomit at home. He may choke on vomit. Children up to 2 years for patients after strokes and heart attacks, gastric lavage should be done by qualified professionals.
Medication. To drugs first aid food poisoning are absorbent and enveloping means. Absorbents such as activated carbon, can be used for preparation of solution for washing stomach, or to adopt other ways according to the instructions. These medications bind and remove from the digestive tract of toxic substances. Enveloping substances prevent absorption into the bloodstream of toxic substances due to the fact that coated with a thin film mucosa of the digestive tract.
Drink plenty of liquids. Fluid helps to accelerate the elimination of toxins from the body during food poisoning. Drink also need to replenish the fluid loss that occurred during vomiting and diarrhea.
After food poisoning it is recommended to drink plain boiled water with lemon, fruit drinks, alkaline mineral water without gas, tea, decoction of chamomile. There are pharmaceutical preparations designed to restore acid-base balance, disturbed by vomiting and diarrhea.
In addition, the warm drink helps a person to warm up and easing pain. Vasospasm in cases of poisoning cause large heat loss, so the man is cold. To warm up, it is enough to bundle up with a blanket and put to feet a hot-water bottle.
Treatment of severe food poisoning is carried out only under the supervision of a physician.
Additional recommendations for food poisoning
Part of the treatment for poisoning products is diet. In the first days after the symptoms of poisoning disappeared, only drinking regime. If there is hunger, there is a small amount of homemade croutons of white bread. Next food should be easy, boiled, chopped. Start with cereals on the water (oatmeal, rice), vegetable or chicken broth. During the fourth meal you can eat mashed potatoes and low-fat fish fillet, steamed. A day later you can gradually return to normal menu.
Depending on what caused the poisoning, you may need medications, for example, microbicides, and drugs for combating dysbiosis, enzyme preparations. These medications can be taken only on the advice of a doctor.