The Ukrainian economy is committed to the development, but it prevents a lot of factors, as follows from the reports.
While the world Bank predicts economic growth of Ukraine in 2017, the international organizations issue reports on the development of the countries in which our country is increasingly losing ground.
On the eve of the UN published a ranking of countries by the human development Index by the end of 2016. For the year Ukraine dropped by 29 lines and was on 84.
Корреспондент.net decided to recall the authoritative rankings by the end of last year, which included Ukraine.
The poor economy
In the ranking of the unfortunate economies Bloomberg”s Misery Index, which is inflation and unemployment, Ukraine holds the seventh place.
The leading line of the list for the third consecutive time with a huge margin took Venezuela. At a relatively low level of unemployment at 7.8%, the state is subject to hyperinflation.
Next to the Ukraine in ten poor economies coexist Spain and Serbia. These countries have not such a big problem with inflation as unemployment. Ukrainian figures are about on the same level.
But not as bad. In the past years Ukraine in the rating of Bloomberg, Ukraine took the fourth place in 2015, and a fifth in 2016.
In the annual ranking not only recorded actual data, but the forecast for the remainder of the year. Experts predict a spike of “happiness” in the Ukrainian economy.
American research center Heritage Foundation has put Ukraine at 166 in the ranking of economic freedom.
Total rating of 180 countries. It is headed by Hong Kong. The top five also includes Singapore, New Zealand, Switzerland and Australia. Their economy, the study authors describe as free.
Ukraine fell into the category of countries with “repressive” economy. There are only 23 countries, including Afghanistan, Sudan, Cuba, Venezuela and North Korea.
At the same time, Ukraine improved its position by one place compared to last year.
The researchers explained that the Ukrainian economy prevent the continued disruption of production and export capacity, which increases the pressure on reserves. The rule of law also remains weak and further “pruned” judicial inefficiency.
However, the authors note that the government of Ukraine began a comprehensive set of reforms to restore growth in the economy, but progress is still not evident.
Not the most innovative
In the ranking of innovative economies in the Bloomberg Innovation Index Ukraine ranked 42nd, down one line.
The rankings Bloomberg took into account spending on research and development, as well as the number of public high-tech companies in the country.
First place in the ranking kept South Korea, the second went to Sweden, the third — Germany.
South Korea tops the ranking with the largest specific value of expenditure on research and development, patent activity, manufacturing value-added and level of higher education.
The most significant decline was shown by Russia. She dropped down to 14 lines and took the 26th place.
Each country is assessed according to two criteria — political rights and civil liberties. On a scale from 1 to 7, where 1 is the best indicator, and 7 is the worst, are assessment. Ukraine is the second year in a row received 3 points for both criteria (partly free).
On a 100-point system Ukraine scored 61 points. The larger the ball, the more free country.
The report says that Ukraine continues to recover from the riots that accompanied the dismissal of Viktor Yanukovych, as well as “consequent crisis caused by the Russian occupation of Crimea and military support to the separatists in the Donbas.”
“The failure of the state leadership to overcome large-scale corruption in the higher echelons of power have undermined the popularity of the government and impacted negatively on the effectiveness of reforms in various sectors. In the field of civil liberties, a threat to freedom of the press was political pressure and attacks on journalists”, — the report says.
Thus the Crimea, the report identified a single place, the level of freedom in the annexed Peninsula was estimated at 9 points out of a possible 100.
Russia with 20 points recognized as a non-free country.
The worst situation polytrauma and civil liberties has developed, according to the organization, Syria, Eritrea, North Korea, Uzbekistan, South Sudan, Turkmenistan, Somalia, the Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Central African Republic and Saudi Arabia.
It is worth noting that Ukraine was considered partially free from the time of the Declaration of independence in 1991 up to the Orange revolution.
During the presidency of Viktor Yushchenko, the country was considered free, but with the coming to power of Viktor Yanukovych, the situation has again deteriorated.
The first of corruption in Europe
In the study the level of perception of corruption from Transparency International Ukraine is recognized as the most corrupt in Europe.
86% of Ukrainian citizens say that corruption in the country are struggling badly.
Bribery, as the study showed, is a common practice in Europe and Central Asia faced every sixth resident of the region.
In Ukraine — 38%. Ukrainians were the most dissatisfied with the fight against corruption in their country and often giving bribes.
Ukrainian MPs call corrupt more often than the servants of the people of other countries. Also the citizens of Ukraine complain about the conditions for anti-corruption actions.
56% of Ukrainians called corruption the main problem of Ukraine.
The highest rates in the EU — Romania (29%) and Lithuania (24%).
In the global ranking of perception of corruption Ukraine is ranked 131 place out of 176. In this case, for 2016, Ukraine has improved its positions, rising by two points.
The Ukraine is divided with Kazakhstan, Russia, Nepal and Iran. All countries scored 29 points out of a possible 100.
The organization notes that Ukraine has improved thanks to the introduction of anti-corruption reforms.
“However, the lack of an effective judicial system and the de facto impunity of corrupt officials does not give Ukraine to make a great leap forward and overcome a 30-point barrier,” said TI.
The development of human potential falls
On the eve of the UN published a ranking of countries by the human development Index for the year 2016. Ukraine ranked 84th in the rankings, entering the group of countries with high human development, which also included 54 countries.
Ukraine has significantly worsened its position compared to year 2015. Then the country was at 55.
The countries with the highest level of development were Norway, Australia, Switzerland, Germany and Denmark. The U.S. is in tenth place, while Russia is 49th. Total group “with a very high level of development” 51 countries.
The main indicators, which were determined by ranking States: life expectancy, duration of training and the gross national income per capita.
Also considered data on the level of social protection, health and cultural development of the population, crime, environmental protection, people’s participation in decision-making.
UN experts say that in the period 1990-2015 in all regions of the world average human development indicators improved significantly, however, a third of the population still lives below the minimum level.
Happiness lower than in Sudan
In the report of the World Happiness Report, compiled by the division of the United Nations Network for finding solutions to sustainable development, Ukraine ranked 132 place, down c 123.
Ukraine stands between Ghana and Uganda. In the top ten of the happiest countries are Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Switzerland, Finland, Netherlands, Canada, New Zealand, Australia and Sweden.
One of the last in Rwanda, Syria, Tanzania, Burundi and the Central African Republic.
To compile the rankings take into account six key factors — GDP per capita, level of social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make their own life choices, generosity (made donation) and attitude to corruption.
In another UN report, released by the world day of fortune, is spoken in Ukraine for the period 2013-2015, the level of happiness decreased the most.
As explained by the authors of the report, the level of happiness of the population does not always correspond to the standard of living in the country. Satisfaction is affected by a combination of economic, social and environmental factors. It is also noted that citizens of countries with less social inequality more happy.
Not the best place for business
Ukraine ranked 74 out of 139 in the ranking of the best countries for business in 2017 according to Forbes, while last year it took the 61st place.
The best country for doing business magazine has named Sweden, noting its growth over the past year by 4.2%.
The top ten rating also includes seven European countries as well as Hong Kong, New Zealand and Canada.
Ukraine ranked 74 th place (between Indonesia and Armenia). It is noted that the conflict in the Donbas harm the economic growth of the country.
“With the loss of large parts of heavy industry in the Donbass, Ukraine’s economy declined by 6.8% in 2014 and continued to fall to 10.5% in 2015. Ukraine and Russia entered into a trade war, the trade turnover between the countries fell sharply by the end of 2015”, — writes the edition.
At the same time, Forbes recalled that from 1 January 2016 launched a free trade area EU-Ukraine, and as expected, it will help Ukraine to integrate its economy with Europe by opening markets and harmonization of legislation.
Russia ranked 79th.
Ukraine’s economy is sustainability
In the report of the Institute of Global Sustainable Competitiveness Index, which compares countries in terms of development and sustainability of their economies, Ukraine took the 64th place, up from 86.
A rating of SolAbility based on models of competitiveness, including the availability of natural capital, governance, intellectual capital, resources and social cohesion. Each state received a certain number of points out of 100.
In first place was Sweden, scored 60.9 points, the second to Norway from 59.4 points, the third — Finland from 56.2 points.
Also in the top ten most competitive countries were Denmark, Iceland, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ireland and Luxembourg. From countries of the former USSR, best rating Lithuania, it is in 18th place. Russia is 45th in the ranking (last year — 33).
The worst among the best
The magazine US News & World Report evaluated countries based on criteria such as the development of tourism, social sphere, culture, innovation, economic growth, openness for business, the impact on the world stage, historical heritage and the living standards of the population and decided again that Ukraine will enter the top 80 best.
But by the end of 2016 Ukraine has dropped 73 position in the rankings from 59th place in last year’s report.
The rating was compiled by the representatives of the magazine US News & World Report in collaboration with the consulting company BAV Consulting and the University of Pennsylvania.
It is based on the results of a sociological survey, which was attended by over 20 thousand people from 36 countries of the world.
Best recognized by Switzerland. Behind her on the list are Canada and the UK. The TOP 10 also includes Germany, Japan, Sweden and the United States.