Pensions in Ukraine are 11.9 million people, reported in the PF. Over the last few years the number of pensioners decreased significantly, this is due to the annexation of Crimea by Russia and a temporary loss of control over separate regions of Donetsk and Lugansk regions. However, together with pensioners in the occupied territories remained healthy and Ukrainians, most of whom ceased to pay a single social contribution (ERU).
Not all pensioners over 55 years. Superannuation a “deserved rest” are teachers, some doctors, miners, military, police, etc. in Ukraine – 693 thousand people. Social pension (946 hryvnias) get to 94.7 thousand people – those who most of his life worked informally (or not worked). The most numerous category of pensioners by age, they are more than 9.1 million people.
Most of the old-age pensioners
The majority of Ukrainian pensioners – women. As explained in the Institute of demography and social studies. Ptuha, the average life expectancy of men in Ukraine is almost ten years less than women. The risk for Ukrainians die before the age of 60 years – 40%, while in Switzerland not live to 60 years, only 8% of men. At the moment pensions are 7.5 million women and only 4.4 million men.
“Biological factors explain a 3 years difference, the rest of the 7-8 years due to socio-economic and psychological differences. Men, apparently, more drinking, more Smoking, less exercise, more likely to work in hazardous conditions, it’s too late I appeal to the doctors… Need to take into account the high mortality rate in road accidents,” says Institute Director, Professor Ella Libanova.