The results of the research conducted recently an International research Institute in the world, showed that Russia and the United States remain the world’s largest exporters of weapons, and the region that consumes approximately half of the exported weapons, remains the middle East.
Some countries artificially create in a number of regions “conditions for wars and conflicts”, intended for the sale in such regions of the arms. Some seek only to benefit from created by someone else in the situation of permanent war, and is also pursuing the same goal, have resorted to Commerce. And in fact, large manufacturers of weapons, lobbying their interests in government and political circles of a particular country, do play a significant role in shaping the conditions that will be favorable to increase sales of arms into regions suffering from constant wars and conflicts.
One of the mechanisms resorted to by forces lobbying for the production of armaments, at least in the region of West Asia, is the “iranophobia” when, “playing” on it, among the Arab monarchies of the Persian Gulf artificially spread such fears, and thus, from the Treasury all these small but very rich Nations abroad shows the billions of dollars that are spent then these dwarf States for the purchase of arms. However, as always, its a “special” role in these processes played by the United States, which, in accordance with the latest statistical data, are among the largest “sellers”exporting weapons.
According to the TASNIM news Agency, referring in turn to the data of the Agency “Sputnik”, Institute of peace announced Wednesday that over the past 5 years, Russia and the United States is firmly held position as the leader in world arms exports, and 56% of world exports belonged to them. According to the same reports, America in the last 5 years has been a world leader in this area and controlled one-third of the global arms market. The volume of arms exports from the United States in this period increased more than 21% in comparison with the period of 2007-2011 And approximately half of all American arms export falls on the Middle East region.
In the report prepared by the Institute of peace, also said: “the United States offers to supply all main types of weapons in around 100 countries in the world. The lion’s share of the total export American weapons are military fighter planes, equipped with cruise missiles and other guided munitions, and missile defense system of the latest generations.” Russia, in turn, is in the list, exporters are leaders in the export of arms in second place, and the share of these countries in the global arms market has reached 23%. India, Vietnam, China and Algeria are the countries which are the main buyers of Russian arms. These 4 countries account for more than 70% of the total volume of Russian arms exports.
Also, according to the Stockholm international Institute for peace studies (SIPRI), India, UAE and Saudi Arabia topped the list of countries that import arms and military equipment. In the period from 2012 to 2016, India took 13% of the total global import of weapons. Followed, their positions in the list are Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, China and Algeria.