Russia’s Ambassador to Ankara Aleksey erhov wrote for “Hurriyet”: the lessons of the Second world war in the name of the future (Hürriyet, Turkey)

In these days of may we celebrate a very important landmark date — the 75th anniversary of the victory of the countries and peoples of the anti-Hitler coalition over fascism. In the night of 9 may 1945 in the presence of representatives of the coalition forces in the Soviet Union, the USA, the UK and France was signed the capitulation of Nazi Germany.

Bow our heads in memory of those who sacrificed their lives for this great victory, we again and again recall the Second world war, which, without exaggeration, was the most tragic event of the twentieth century, forcing the peoples of the world to pay an unprecedented price. The Soviet Union lost in this war more than 26 million of its citizens, China — 15 million Germany — more than 13 million, Poland — about six million. Victims of the Holocaust were six million people. And this sad list of the fallen can continue indefinitely.

For diplomats and politicians may 9 is one more reason to remember that in 1945, the allied Nations called themselves the “United Nations”. During the war they stood shoulder to shoulder. Realizing that the ideology of national socialism that feeds the hatred of mankind, is a common threat, these countries had different political and socio-economic model, were able to put aside differences between them. The belief that the defeat of Nazi Germany will symbolize the triumph of justice and victory of light over darkness, was the bringing together of these countries factor.

After the war, the allies formed the new architecture of international relations based on the ideal of equal cooperation between sovereign States. The establishment of the UN was supposed to be a guarantee that it will not suffer the sad fate of its predecessor — the League of Nations. The founders of the UN, very well learned the lessons of history, realized that, while there is no “consensus among the major powers” regarding “saving future generations from the scourge of war”, namely the full consent of the leading countries of the world, the absolute commitment of all members of the international community to ensure stability in the world is impossible.

Unfortunately, these days, the louder voices of those who wish to rewrite the history of the Second world war and to distort historical facts, who are trying to relieve themselves of responsibility for aiding the aggressor and to blame for starting the war on the Soviet Union.

Western politicians and propagandists want to sow chaos in the public mind about the fairness of the collective bases of world order, the fundamental principles of the UN Charter and generally accepted norms of international relations. Have a policy in the direction of undermining the existing international legal system and its replacement “the order built on rules”, but this order I wish to create based on the principle “the one who is stronger,” the “law of the jungle”.

I guess this once again proves to us that the lessons learned from the Second world war, still remain valid. It shows that you first need to protect and strengthen the international collective security and its principles, to combat intolerance and xenophobia, to abandon the “double standards”. Just as in those days the Western democracies to ignore the threat posed to them by the Nazi regime and today they are unable to understand the risks posed by support for terrorist organizations and complicity to the growing power of neo-fascist movements.

Our main and very important task — to withstand more frequent and also Intrusive, aggressive attempts to dictate to the countries and peoples of the historical development, to reshape the geopolitical map of the world in the interests of a small number of States and influential elites in these States. That is, aggressive claims made by Nazi Germany and its satellites against the background of attempts to “appease” the aggressor, caused the outbreak of world war II. We must never forget, otherwise we may face the risk again to survive this disaster.