The global economy is on the verge of a transportation revolution. Cars that run on electricity or biofuels, include two-section and can go on autopilot, for a long time no surprise.
“It is important to anticipate future business model. For example, five years may be unnecessary buying cars: proof that 95% of the time people doesn’t use anymore. Actual could be the rental car — when you take the car at point A, going on your own or on autopilot and leave it at point B. So, Ukrainian entrepreneurs should either create these technologies, or time to look for new niches for their services. If you ignore the trends — the business will not survive,” — said the chief economist of the Council of entrepreneurs under the Cabinet of Ministers Andrei Zablovsky.
TRANSPORT: PLANES-DRONES AND SMART LIGHTS
The world refuses to transport under human control, because the company actively testing unmanned vehicles. Experts are sure that these technologies can enter our lives in a few years.
ADJUSTABLE. In Singapore are developing technology that will replace traffic lights. We are talking about the algorithm of the remote traffic control at intersections. Scientists propose to replace the traffic lights the signal beacons that analyze the speed with which the moving machine and at what distance from the intersection is located. Auto equip communications beacons that are transmitting data into the system at each intersection. In the end, will be safe trajectory. That is, cars do not stop at the intersection, some cars will slow down, others speed up, avoiding collision.
DRONES. Abroad rely on the autopilot. The Chinese company FAW has successfully tested the navigation of an unmanned truck. In the testing machine in a timely manner stopped at traffic lights, identify obstacles, rebuilt the route, slowed and accelerated. Commercial truck will release in 2018. But the same vehicles will produce Tesla and Otto.
And in London passes the test of an unmanned bus. The company Oxbotica will carry 5 thousand Britons in the district of Greenwich. “A computer controlled Shuttle is moving 16 km/h Inside 4 seats, no steering wheel, pedals. And the cameras and sensors will allow you to travel 3 km on the road, where there are only pedestrians and cyclists. System bus to detect objects in the 100 m and the Shuttle will stop at the obstacle. In the cab on duty specialist and he will stop the bus in the force majeure”, — said in Oxbotica. Kamrasi in London will start in 2019. By the way, this year the Autonomous buses of 15 seats will be in Las Vegas (USA). And in Japan paid trip will start in 2020.
A breakthrough is expected in aviation: Boeing intends to 2018 to begin testing unmanned passenger aircraft. Researchers create comparati where artificial intelligence ruled the autopilot system and made decisions during the flight. The basic design is already there – the aircraft can fly/hop or fly on autopilot using cluster. This summer, Boeing will test the technology on the simulator, in 2018, will be flying with interesami.
A historic event will be the launch of unmanned marine vehicles. Such plans by 2025 will be able to realize Japan. Now companies are improving technology of Autonomous navigation for ships. Remote control system of vehicles works as the Internet of things. Device online collect and analyzes weather and obstacles in the path of the ship. The algorithm creates a route with menstrate fuel. Intelligent vehicles will predict and breakage on Board, 2 times will reduce the annual number of accidents. But the next 10-20 years the same plans I want to implement BHP Billiton, Rolls-Royce, Yara and Kongsberg Gruppe.
On autopilot. Ships and aircraft
ECOLOGY: PLANT AIR CLEANING
The theme of protecting nature remains the leader in the sphere of high technologies. So, the British researchers from the University of Bath have developed a method of creating plastic from sugar and carbon dioxide: it is possible to combine at room temperature, the molecules of simple sugars and CO2, turning them into polymer molecules. The authors note: the material is inexpensive to manufacture and is quickly broken down by microbes, which can solve the problem of plastic waste.
And in Zurich, Switzerland launched the world’s first plant for processing carbon dioxide. The principle is simple: the fans suck air, filter the CO2, and the heat supplied to the greenhouse. Gas can be used in the manufacture of soda
or fuel. According to startup Climeworks, the enterprise is able to process 900 tonnes of CO2 a year — as much exhaust goes into the atmosphere from 200 cars. There are plans to launch 750 thousand installations, but it will help to recycle only 1% of all CO2 emissions in the world by 2025.
Not far behind, and scientists of the Shanghai Institute, who offered to create gasoline from carbon dioxide. But until the technology improves: recycling is expensive.
Fans. Clean CO2
THE ENERGY OF THE SUN: NOW IT CATCHES THE ROOF
Energy saving is becoming more and more popular, and thus time to engage in the production of solar shingles for roofs. To such conclusion company Tesla and this summer plans to launch the production of such tiles. As noted innovators, tile consists of three layers: color film filmed, highly efficient solar panel and a layer of tempered glass. Such panels you can lay out the roof fully or partially.
What’s interesting: from a height of human growth, this tile is supposed to look like regular tile, but with bird’s eye panels will be transparent.
The tile production is planned to organize in the United States: first at the factory in Fremont, and then in Buffalo. As noted in the company, customers are eagerly awaiting the new product, and pre-orders, which started in April, exceeded expectations. It is expected that the average installation cost of $220 per sq. m: if panels to equip 35% of the roof, the cost will be recouped in about 30 years.
CROSS: “WILL DIE” FOR 36 HOURS
The theme of ecology and care of clothing manufacturers, who are trying to implement in production technology harmless. So, Adidas invented the unique Jogging sneakers which are created of biodegradable fiber Biosteel. This material are made of the same substances as spider web. The innovative technology allows the use of fibers for the manufacture of medical products such as implants.
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“This fiber is 15% lighter than other synthetic materials and has a high resistance. Biodegradable sneakers will provide users with 10% more cushioning and 30% more flexible when you exercise,” say the producers.
Sure: shoes will be worn no worse than usual, and can decompose over 36 hours (when using certain reagents). It is expected that the new shoes will be on sale this year.
MINI ROBOTS: CLEAN DRINKING WATER
Robotics is bursting into everyday life. European scientists have created a spherical microbots, which can themselves move around in the water, destroying harmful bacteria. Kids Janus consists of two parts: one half is made of magnesium, the second from an alloy of iron, gold and silver. While magnesium side provides forward motion because the reaction with water, causing bubbles of hydrogen. And the other side captures and destroys microorganisms that enter the layers of gold and die under the influence of silver nanoparticles. This technique will allow in the future to clean dirty water without the use of harsh chemicals: it is enough to place microbots into the water, and after some time to get them out of the liquid.
By the way, the first tests of Janus showed excellent results: kids in 20 minutes destroyed in the water 80% of E. coli.
Some interesting ideas come to mind and the Japanese. In the land of the rising sun came up… roboris, which are difficult to distinguish from real fish. The difference can only be detected in the eyes, which perform the role of led lights. Floating robots covered with silicone and equipped with a system of movement, thereby mimic the movements of live fish. Also rabaraba equipped with a ballast system, which is used in submarines to emersion/immersion. It is expected that the robots will help researchers to discreetly observe the underwater world.
Useful. Cleaning without chemicals
3D PRINTING: COW’S MILK AND NEW TEETH
The three-dimensional printing technology is being developed in unexpected incarnations. So, in the United States invented a 3D printer that prints… milk! The idea: for the manufacture of a molokopodobnye liquid is used with a special biological agent with a content of DNA of a cow and Sistema yeast — this combination allows you to casein, which is contained in this milk. The compound is mixed with corn sugar and other substances, is haunting — and the output is a molokopodobnye drink.
Another breakthrough, this time in dentistry, carried out by American scientists from the Oregon medical University. They have created a new method of root canal treatment in which the blood vessels are printed on a 3D printer. As explained by legislatively, first in the diseased tooth is removed tooth decay; then inside the channel is a thin polymer fiber with a diameter of 0.5 mm, which is printed on a 3D printer from agarose (a polysaccharide). The remaining void is filled with hydrogel-the contents of the cells of the pulp. After fiber is removed and out of the microchannels along the length of the tooth, which contains the endothelial cells. After a week they start to form artificial blood vessels. Thus, starts the process of regeneration of the tooth.
THE INTERNET OF THINGS
Ivan Nikitchenko, independent economist:
Internet technologies are actively taking over the planet: soon nobody will be surprised by possibilities of Internet connection, say, TV’s that will have video packages from teleproviders, based on the preferences of the owners. These trends, representatives of the business now needs to take on Board. And all because the high-tech toys can break into our economy at any time, and you must be ready to adapt your existing business to innovate, to be ahead of the competition. Economist Ivan Nikitchenko — on the latest trends in the segment of Internet of things.
ON THE THRESHOLD. The term “Internet of things”, or in English Internet of Things (IoT), still sounds exotic not only for the majority of Ukrainians, but even for people in developed countries. However, after a few years the objects equipped with this technology, will rapidly penetrate into our lives, as at the time, it changed smartphones. Whenever there is a transition, but every day with the prefix “smart” get all new things — televisions, refrigerators, bulbs and entire houses.
ESSENCE. What is the Internet of things? Briefly and simplistically — it’s everyday objects equipped with means of communication that is Wi-Fi-modules. With their help, and when connected to the Internet appliances can interact with each other and with the outside world. How it works in practice? For example, the fridge will have direct access to the Internet and order the products will be via the screen on the door. And you can install a set of products that must always be refrigerated (e.g., milk, eggs and cheese), and the unit will self-order these products when you will fix the depletion of the stock.
Similarly you will be able to work and other appliances. So, the box will request a garbage collection, garage doors will let the light bulb in the next room that she had to shut down because the owner of the house left. And cars, in turn, can “communicate” with each other on the road to avoid a collision. Fitness tracker on the hand to check the master calendar and arrange appointments to see a doctor because the device will record the person arrhythmia.
PROSPECTS. Objects, equipped with such technology, is still relatively rare even in the West, but none of the high-tech analysts have no doubt that this sector soon, “shoot.” This means that the company, at the time occupied the niche in this market and managed to create the appropriate design, will skim a financial windfall.
It is also worth considering that the market for the Internet of things is already beginning to develop, and gets specific results. We are talking about the launch of specific industry solutions, simple Internet connections to consumer equipment, strengthening of security systems, implementation of thematic Analytics, development of smart homes. These startups are developing for more than five years, and it is possible that these technologies from the segment of the Internet of things will enter into regular life after some three to five years.
WHAT TO DO. It is important to understand that investors are willing to invest in such companies tens of millions of dollars “in advance”. After all, these projects are global, they are not tied to one country, and thus get access to billions of consumers residing all over the planet. Well, because the technology “connects” the world offline and online, potential customers will be children and seniors.
In such a situation must seize new opportunities, and representatives of small and medium businesses, because you can open the Internet-shops, smart repair equipment and other projects that will help introduce the technology of Internet of things.
Breakthrough. Smart appliances will connect to the Internet