The average salary in Ukraine – more than seven thousand hryvnia, said Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Groisman. The unemployment rate for last year has decreased, and the minimum wage “grown up” twice. The website “Today” found out how much the Ukrainians do not have official earnings and who earns the most.
Every third unemployed
The only 330 thousand unemployed is about 9% of the total number of able-bodied Ukrainians. The average unemployment rate in the European Union – 8%, leaders on this indicator in Europe are Greece (24%) and Spain (approximately 20%). According to official figures, Ukraine’s unemployment rate is far from the last place. But it is worth noting that these figures only take into account those who came to the employment Centre and register as unemployed.
The real number of unemployed is several times higher. As stated by the Minister sotspolitiki Andrey Reva, of the 26 million people of working age are officially employed only 16 million people, 10 million documents “sitting at home”. “The number of people employed today is 52.6% of the number of working-age population in Ukraine”, – said the Minister.
“The number of people employed today is 52.6% of the number of working-age population in Ukraine”, – said the Minister.
There are several reasons for the high real unemployment. First, the state of the labor market and low wages. This leads to the fact that millions of Ukrainians looking for work abroad. Secondly, the shadow employment. According to a survey conducted by HH, only 54% of respondents get “white” wages. Ukraine, as has informed earlier “Today”, entered the top countries with the highest level of shadow economy.
“The employment center often turn those who have the opportunity to receive assistance for the period of the official search of work. Few people know, but my wages pay the fee, including the insurance Fund in case of unemployment. If resigned by agreement of the parties, can three months after that to receive your full salary from this Fund,” says HR expert Alexander Belous.
“Few people know, but my wages pay the fee, including the insurance Fund in case of unemployment. If resigned by agreement of the parties, can three months after that to receive your full salary from this Fund,” says HR expert Alexander Belous.
Public assistance receive 265 thousand unemployed Ukrainians, the average size of payments – 1921 hryvnia, according to the data of the state statistics. The employment Centre can also help with the job search. However, lucky to find a job is not for everyone. At the end of last month, the employment Center helped to find work only 8.6% unemployed. Officially in Ukraine openly 66.5 thousand vacancies. It turns out that on one working place claims at least five people.
Despite this, the labor market experts assess the situation more optimistic. “If you don’t want a hundred thousand money to find work. The work is a lot of it. Employers complain that can’t find a decent, adequate employees. Or just adequate” – sure, HR expert rabota.ua.Tatyana Pashkina. Analytics HR portal work.ua also note: the number of vacancies in Ukraine is growing, and therefore the business is gradually developing. “In the first half of 2017, the number of vacancies increased by 29.3% more than last year”, – said the Director of development Sergey Marchenko. Traditionally, the easiest way to find a job working different specialties. So, the number of jobs at gas stations for several years, grew by 192%.
It’s harder to find work in small towns and villages. And average salaries, says Alexander Belous, there can be two to three times lower than in larger regional centres.
How Ukrainians earn
“Taking into account June and July the average salary in the country is more than seven thousand hryvnias”, – said Deputy Prime Minister Vladimir Groisman. Among the regions to be the average salary reached only Kiev and Donetsk region. In the capital earn more than 10 thousand, and in Donetsk region – about seven thousand hryvnias. Less likely earn in the Ternopil and Chernivtsi regions, here the average salary is a little above five thousand.
“The average salary this indicator measures the average temperature in the hospital. Somewhere cold, and somewhere in the middle of the average normal. Of course, the “average salary” shows the situation in the labour market, but to focus on it when looking for a job is not worth it. There is such a figure as “market wages”. For loader in Kiev is one amount for a porter in some apostolove – another. And a porter with a top Manager salaries are different,” says Alexander Belous.
The average salary in different spheres of economic activity:
- Agriculture, forestry and fisheries – 5483 hryvnia
- Industry – 6983 hryvnia
- Construction – 5754 hryvnia
- Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles – 7160 hryvnia
- Transport, warehousing, postal and courier activities – 6980 hryvnia
- Land and pipeline transport – 6599 UAH
- Water transport – 6484 hryvnia
- Air transport – 27 399 UAH
- Warehousing and auxiliary activities in transport – 7683 hryvnia
- Postal and courier activities – 3488 hryvnia
- Temporary accommodation and organization – 4731 hryvnia
- Information and telecommunications – 11 420 UAH
- Financial and insurance activities – 12256 hryvnia
- Operations with real estate, 5573 hryvnia
- Professional, scientific and technical activities – 9293 hryvnia
- Activities in the field of administrative and support services – 5241 hryvnia
- Public administration and defence; compulsory social insurance – 7469 hryvnia
- Education – 5401 hryvnia
- Health and social care provision – 4637 hryvnia
- Arts, sports, entertainment and recreation – 6135 hryvnia
The functioning of libraries, archives, museums and other cultural institutions – 5017 hryvnia
For the 12 months of the average salary grew by 37.2%, a record high over the past few years. In the budget resolution to 2020 predicted that within three years, the average Ukrainian salary will reach 10 537 USD.
Recall that shortly Ukraine will significantly increase the salaries of the Prosecutor. As recalled by the Prosecutor General Yury Lutsenko, the Parliament adopted a law, which soon must be signed by the speaker and the President. Prosecutors in the regions will receive, from 23 to 33 thousand hryvnias, the head of the Department from 18 to 33 thousand (dependent on experience). Senior investigator for particularly important cases will receive up to 29 thousand.
About how many Ukrainians are below the poverty line, can be read here.