In Ukraine for the past year, the Ministry of Finance conducted a large-scale verification of recipients of social benefits – checked about 26 million people. Due to verification planned to save five billion hryvnias, however, as they say in the Ministry of social policy, the expected result of the test is not given. This year the Ministry of social policy and the Ministry of Finance has developed the special laws that will allow for verification of “on-new”. The website “Today” figured out how to check to Ukrainians this year.
Verification 2.0: How to check the Ukrainians
Verification will continue in this year, to this end, the Ministry of Finance is developing the law “On verification,” said the press service of the Ministry. The draft document is currently not published. His bill, which would allow the verification of newly developed according to the recommendations of the world Bank and the Ministry of social policy. The document approved at the Cabinet meeting on 1 February. The most important innovation – the emergence of auditors (social inspectors), who will be able to walk the families and to check whether they need assistance from the state.
As stated in the draft law, the inspector has the right “to initiate a study of the social auditor of the material living conditions of the family, which asked for social assistance” and “to visit the recipients of social assistance at their residence.” The social inspectors will work in social protection bodies on the ground. This will create a structure headed by regional leaders, which will appoint the state Secretary of the Ministry of social policy.
The social inspectors will be available from 2018 (the document must support parliamentarians) and will cost the budget about UAH 50 million. The idea of social inspectors is not new, even last year, at that time Minister of social policy Pavlo Rozenko, registered in Parliament a draft law which envisaged the creation of a social inspection. However, the document in April 2016 has withdrawn.
The inspectors – an additional human factor, without which it would be possible to do by creating a public registry of all recipients of social benefits, said the economist Alexander acorn. “We are introducing additional human factors. I would like to see minimum the human factor. Not for watchmen watchmen, observers for observers. Social payment is what is paid from the taxes of the citizens, and I believe that any citizen has the right to see who gets paid what. You need to create a unified electronic register of recipients of social payments”, – said the expert.
“We are introducing additional human factors. I would like to see minimum the human factor. Not for watchmen watchmen, observers for observers. Social payment is what is paid from the taxes of the citizens, and I believe that any citizen has the right to see who gets what benefits,” – said the expert.
Most violators among the recipients of the subsidy on them, experts believe, the government will focus in the near future. This year “discount on a communal flat” will get nine of the 15 million Ukrainian families. Now there are only two reasons why the Ukrainians could be left without grants: purchase in the amount of 50 thousand hryvnias and the additional income that is not indicated in the Declaration. The Finance Ministry registers checks who bought land, property and cars for the sum from 50 thousand and compares this information with the list of subsidianes.
If the purchase was made last year, the subsidy can take, if the subsidies will be denied next season.
Test will also be single mothers, pensioners, immigrants etc. In the Pension Fund (PF) claim that they regularly check the “revision”. Therefore, the result of verification in their Department minor. “Systemic violations it is not revealed”, – told about verification in the PF.
By the way, not so long ago the verification process was held in Greece. Then among pensioners found tens of thousands of violators, says Alexander acorn. “In Greece, found a few people who have had seven of pensions at the same time. There were over 100 thousand people, who received two pensions, there were tens of thousands of people who received two pensions. Our situation is somewhat different, but the basic idea is the verification you can spend,” – says the economist.
“In Greece, found a few people who have had seven of pensions at the same time. There were over 100 thousand people, who received two pensions, was ten thousand of those who received two pensions. Our situation is somewhat different, but the basic idea is the verification you can spend,” – says the economist.
“Good idea, poor implementation”
The idea of verification is simple: at the time of independence the country has not created a single registry of beneficiaries and pensioners in settlements are still paper documents, the Ukrainians actively abusing public assistance, conceal their real incomes, pensions at a fake passports, etc. In the Ministry of Finance established a special Department which needs to compare information from different sources and to identify the offenders.
The Ministry of Finance cancel payments is not entitled – recommendations with lists of “suspicious recipients of social benefits” directed to the Pension Fund and the Ministry of social policy. There should consider the lists and make a decision, get help, or not.
In fact, the verification of the received access information, including accounts of Ukrainian banks, from different sources and need to compare this information. Says Minister sotspolitiki Andrey Reva, a significant result test not given. “We returned to the question of good ideas and poor implementation. Verification ended what was expected: the more grandstanding, the fewer results”, – quotes the Minister a press-service of the Ministry.
“We returned to the question of good ideas and poor implementation. Verification ended what was expected: the more grandstanding, the fewer results”, – quotes the Minister a press-service of the Ministry.
On request “Today,” the Ministry explained that the results of the checks the Agency sent recommendations to stop half a million payments. According to the results of the verification of seven thousand families were left without subsidies (the state saved almost 15 million). Just a “blacklist” of the Ministry of Finance got 185 thousand grantees, now the information is verified by the social security authorities.
The Pension Fund sent a 503 thousands of records that raised doubts at the Ministry of Finance. At the moment, as reported in the press service of PF, dealt 271 thousand recommendations. Some pensioners left without payment.
In Ukraine there are several fraudulent schemes to obtain pensions. During verification found that pension on the fake passport was made out by the parties in one day. The surge in fraud recorded in June 2013 of the year, says the government. What is the reason, to find out to law enforcement. The most common violation – “dead souls”. “When reviewing the payment of pensions, the most common violation is the receipt of pensions after death of the pensioner. PF officially confirmed 59 of such cases, but the work to verify the information received from the Ministry of Finance is still ongoing”, – told in the Ministry of Finance.
Recently “fake” pensioner exposed in the Kiev region. The man received several pensions in different regions of Ukraine using different cards and passports. “According to preliminary calculations, the amount of unduly received funds fraud is about 150 thousand hryvnia. On the revealed fact of the Main administration of Pension Fund of Ukraine in Kiev region, transfers the materials to law enforcement agencies”, – noted in a press-service of PF.
Economist Oleksandr Zholud sure verification “brake” mid-level officials, which, according to experts, often help illegal benefits. “There are enough interest groups who are not interested in verification. For example, if the officer at the secondary level helped to get these or other benefits to which the person had no right, now after verification, questions may arise. Who and what made this a benefit,” says the expert.