On the night of 19 January, Orthodox Christians celebrate one of the main Christian holidays, which end Christmas holidays – Epiphany or Holy Epiphany.
An integral tradition of the ancient holiday is dipping into the hole. To prevent accidents during Epiphany bathing rescuers strongly recommend to respect the following rules:
- you can swim in designated areas only, adapted to enter the water, in the presence of representatives of service of rescue and medical workers;
- it is desirable to have a blanket, a Mat that can be spread under his feet;
- cool, must gradually: first to take off his clothes in a few minutes shoes, then strip to the waist. Before bathing it is necessary to warm up the body, making a run or workout, and only then to go into the water.
- to the place of bathing should be approached in a comfortable, non-slip shoes, which is easily removed to prevent loss of sensitivity feet. Make sure that the stairs leading into the water were steady;
- plunging into cold water is best for the neck, so as not to wet the head. This is to avoid reflex vasoconstriction brain and General hypothermia. To be in the water should be no longer than 1-2 minutes. To plunge into the water should quickly and immediately go out to swim is not recommended;
- if you have a child, be sure to follow him during his immersion in the water. The child, frightened, can easily forget that he can swim;
- after bathing (dipping) just spread herself and the child with a towel and put on dry clothes. Clothing should be comfortable, not cramped, which is easy and quick to wear. It is advisable to go into a warm room (a tent);
- to avoid hypothermia need to drink hot tea from a thermos.
Who are not allowed to dive into the hole
Remember, before dipping into the hole is strictly forbidden to drink alcoholic beverages. Alcohol promotes rapid hypothermia and gives you an extra strain on the heart.
The main danger during the winter bathing is a heart attack due to vasospasm, seizures, rapid development of pneumonia. Therefore, people suffering from cardiovascular and broncho-pulmonary diseases, it is strictly forbidden to dive into the water (the hole).
Also categorically it is forbidden to dive in the icy water while:
- hypertension in the period of exacerbation;
- cerebrovascular disorders;
- the propensity to seizures;
- inflammation of the renal and broncho-pulmonary system;
- diseases of the thyroid gland;
- infectious diseases.