23 Mar 2017 was supposed to be a momentous day in the history of the London police. Queen Elizabeth II is expected at the opening of the new headquarters in Westminster quarter — not far from Westminster bridge and the houses of Parliament where the alleged Islamic terrorist killed on Wednesday, five people and another 40 wounded. So the gala opening of the building is the fourth in the glorious history of Scotland Yard — was cancelled. The new date of the visit of Queen Elizabeth II has not yet been determined, said Buckingham Palace. In parallel to this, Scotland Yard announced that the person was identified and arrested several people.
The London criminal police called Scotland Yard in the first location of its headquarters between St James Park and the Thames in its 188-year history, has dealt with many sensational crimes and have developed innovative approaches to address them. But the most sensational case was never solved. Someone, known as Jack the Ripper, murdered and dismembered in the fall of 1888 in the poor Whitechapel London quarter at least five prostitutes, and the Metropolitan police Service are unable to unambiguously establish the identity of the criminal. The latest alleged discovery of one Finnish expert was at the end of 2014 is untenable.
Police work in the nineteenth century had almost nothing to do with her work today. Of course, still being watched, however long DNA and study of electronic data are of greater importance than fingerprinting and serology. Both methods of fingerprint comparison and analysis of blood groups was developed not Scotland Yard, however much they improved. As with other methods, as evidenced by a glance at the five, perhaps the biggest success of the London criminal police.
Using classic police work, that is primarily the result of a survey of neighbors and relatives of the victim, inspector George Feltham (George Feltham) and his colleague established in the spring of 1837, the murderer of Hannah brown (Hannah Brown). Shortly before the New year was found in body bag women “age 50 years”, and ten days later, in one of the channels found the head. Ten weeks later the body was identified by brother of Hannah.
Feltham quickly established that the victim was engaged to 51-year-old man named James Griner (James Greenacre), who was involved in the design of its departure to the United States with another woman. The rest was not very difficult: the offender obviously needed the money Hannah brown. Griner was exposed, convicted, sentenced to death and publicly hanged.
Using the most modern at that time equipment, namely photos, a detective of Scotland Yard, Richard “dick” Tanner (Richard “Dick” Tanner) was denounced in 1864, the other murderer Franz müller (Franz Muller), a tailor of German origin, killed a Bank clerk named Thomas Briggs (Thomas Briggs) and threw the corpse out of the train. Mining —gold watch chain.
Tanner found the jeweler from whom the offender has exchanged the watch for another model. The packaging from the watch is found, in turn, the housekeeper of the offender, which in the meantime got on a ship bound for America. She identified one photograph of Muller. Then Tanner sat down on a faster ship across the Atlantic and arrested Franz müller in new York at the pier, with the consent of the American authorities. The murderer was sentenced to death and publicly executed.
Modern forensic science is also closely linked to Scotland Yard — especially with Bernard Spilsbury (Bernard Spilsbury), the first officially designated police pathologist. He investigated in 1910, a sensational Crippen case. Emigrated to London American Hawley Crippen (Hawley Crippen) was poisoned after an argument with his wife Cora (Cora), dismembered her body and buried him in the basement of his house. To his neighbors he said his wife returned to the United States.
However, after Crippen settled at home his mistress Ethel Le Neuve (Ethel le Neve), and she began to wear favorite jewelry of the missing Crust, it was told. Then Crippen and Ethel hurriedly left London.
Scotland Yard searched the house and came under a new tiled floors on the decayed part of the female body. Spilsberi was able to identify the disappeared wife on the basis of one scar from the surgery and even proved the presence of deadly sleeping pills. All captains of vessels to the course of the United States were informed with the help of Morse code, they were asked to find among the passengers Crippen and Ethel. And successfully: the murderer is traveling under a false name, was arrested in the port of new York, returned to London, tried and executed.
It was only decades later became aware of the significant progress Scotland Yard during the Second world war. Together with the British domestic secret service MI5 detectives hunted since 1940 for German agents in the UK. As a result of decoding of radio messages from Berlin and classic investigative work had been arrested and recruited by about 50 spies. Since that time, they supplied the German office foreign counterintelligence partly true and partly false information. Only in 1972 it became known about the role of the British police and MI5.
One of the most famous successes of Scotland Yard had been made nine years ago: the legendary “big mail robbery”. At least 16 criminals stole from one train 128 bags 2 631 684 pounds — depending on the method of recalculation, now it is 56 to 100 million euros.
After five days, Scotland Yard had discovered a farm where the robbers were preparing their operation. Everything else was classic police work. 12 criminals were sentenced to prison terms of up to 30 years. And that Ronald Biggs (Ronald Biggs), the youngest of the robbers, escaped from prison after 15 months, Scotland Yard was not to blame.