Lately in the Russian media messages about the state of development of air and missile defense. Thanks to the publications telling about the exercises, the weaponry and the combat capability of this defensive branch of the military has always been characterized by reinforced security measures, it increasingly enters the field of view of the public, deprived of secrecy enveloping it.
To open a security umbrella over the heads of allies
Army air and missile defense was formed during the creation of the VCS in 2015 from the forces, which were subordinated to the staff of defense, air force, and Troops and space defense. Among their tasks are to repel aggression in the aerospace, combat duty in air defense, the control over observance of rules of use of air space and borders of the Russian Federation. In connection with the increase in military presence and the number of events held by the Russian military abroad, and increased level of equipment and training, Troops air and missile defense has become an important part of the Russian Armed Forces.
Russian media say that the kind of troops “uncovered a security umbrella over allies,” “made significant contributions” in strengthening relations in the security sphere between them. At the moment almost completed the construction of the Russian-Belarusian system of aerospace defense. A mechanism for mutual notification of the aerospace environment for Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. During the first Russian-Serbian exercises in air defense “Slavic shield — 2019” the Russian Troops of air defense and antimissile defense played a leading role. Simulated inter-state deployment and use of troops, the execution of joint combat duty for air defense and implementing air operations to reflect the impact of cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles of the imaginary enemy were used anti-aircraft missile and gun complexes “Carapace-C”. According to foreign media reports, the Russian side used the joint actions of air defense to strengthen military cooperation with Serbia, create in southern Europe a buffer zone on the space security and compensation for the continued expansion of NATO.
Great training and equipment
Because of the constant combat duty in the intensity of the training of air defense forces-PRO are not inferior to any other kind of troops. Starting in 2015, the crews of the air and missile defense passed the marksmanship test in the winter and summer, day and night, on plains, mountains, desert or forest. In 2019 was recorded 140 events, including the fulfillment of special tasks and the testing of combat readiness, such as the strategic exercises “Center-2019”, as well as two interregional combined tactical exercises, involving different types and kinds of troops. During the inspection, which took place at the end of the year, the chief of the HQs Sergei Surovikin noted that “troops demonstrated superb military training, and consistency”. These units included the 1st army air and missile defense, also has the world’s only strategic missile defense system A-135.
Speaking about the technical equipment of these troops, in addition to all known s-400 and “tor-M”, Russian media focus on the s-350 “Vityaz”, recently adopted into service, and the radar Container bearing combat duty. First SAM “Vityaz” was transferred to the training centre of the antiaircraft missile troops Military Academy of aerospace defense. C-350 can effectively counter any airborne targets, including cruise missiles, it does use warheads with active homing, the defenses of the complex spreads in all directions, and the ammunition is four times more than the s-400.
The first sample of the radar “Container” was placed in the Mordovian village of Luza, on combat duty he assumed in December 2019. This radar is capable of tracking all the flying machines in a radius of 3 thousand kilometers, in an average day she manages to detect and track about 10 thousand air targets. Russia plans to place radar “Container” and Radiotechnical battalions of the air defense Forces-missile defense system in Kaliningrad, and the Arctic. The installation of the radars will significantly improve the quality of intelligence and air defense, the Russian side in the European region.
Ready at any time to obey the order to strike
In 2020, Russia aims to strengthen the combat training of Troops and use of air and missile defense in real fighting. The decision of the government of the Russian Federation “About the order of application of weapons and military equipment under the protection of the state border of the Russian Federation in the airspace,” it is written that the forces of air and missile defense “is used in the ship-infringer to defeat the weapons and military equipment.” Upon detection of unidentified aircraft approaching on the adjacent side to the state border at a distance of 50 km (to the southern and Eastern military districts — 100 kilometers), or the sudden discovery of 150-km strip from the border over the territory of the Russian Federation unidentified aircraft are contained in the alert duty forces, ready at any time to obey the order to strike.
In videoconferencing pay special attention to the training of personnel of Troops of air defense and antimissile defense, the final year cadets of the Military Academy of aerospace defense annually pass practice in combat units. In 2019, the crews of the air and missile defense, formed from residents of cadets, performed a live firing within the framework of command and staff exercises videoconferencing, in practice, increasing the level of special training. According to Russian media reports, for the realization of the concept of development of aerospace defense of the Russian Federation proposed by Vladimir Putin in 2020, the forces air and missile defense will strengthen cooperation between departments, will take part in some combat training, including in the strategic exercises “Caucasus-2020”, will bring new results tactical research “standoff cruise missiles and groups of small UAVs flying at low altitude and low speed.”