The Constitution is the Basic law, which guarantees every citizen rights and freedoms. It was in the Constitution says that the only state language in Ukraine is Ukrainian, the President cannot perform his duties for longer than two consecutive terms, while members of Parliament are entitled to immunity.
The website “Today” have put together a list of some of the rights of Ukrainians guaranteed by the Basic law.
The right to free medicine
“Everyone has the right to health protection, medical care and medical insurance. Health protection is ensured through state funding of relevant socioeconomic, medical-sanitary and medical preventive programs,” article 49 of the Constitution of Ukraine.
“Everyone has the right to health protection, medical care and medical insurance. Health protection is ensured through state funding of relevant socioeconomic, medical-sanitary and medical preventive programs,” article 49.
According to the main law of the country, every Ukrainian has a right to health care by the state. Moreover, if hospitals (except private) refuse to provide medical help for free, need to pay for medicines and treatment, the patient has the right to address in law enforcement bodies. According to article 184 of the Criminal Code, for violations of the right to free medicine faces a penalty of 1700 hryvnias.
However, as recognized by the Ministry of health, the free medical service in Ukraine. State funding is insufficient to cover all medicines and procedures, funding for hospitals is limited. Physicians need to ask patients themselves to buy medicines.
“We say that in our country medicine is free, which it isn’t, we all pay for everything,” said a few weeks ago, the acting Minister Suprun.
The right to own housing
“The state creates conditions under which every citizen will have the opportunity to build housing, to acquire or to rent”, – the article 47 of the Constitution.
In the main law of Ukraine States that the state should create conditions under which every citizen will be able to build a house, buy or rent real estate.
“Citizens who need social protection, housing provided by state and local governments free of charge or are available for each Board according to the law”, – stated in the same article of the Constitution.
“Citizens who need social protection, housing provided by state and local governments free of charge or are available for each Board according to the law”, – article 47.
In practice, however, neither the state budget nor local budgets do not have enough funds to provide people with their own apartments. For example, last year at an apartment in Kiev claimed about 68 thousand people. In an average year, the city produces about 60 apartments. In fact, in order to provide all needy people own property in the capital will need about 1133.
Note, the right to free housing, have large families, orphans, veterans, Ukrainians with disabilities, etc.
Right to pension not below a living wage
“Pensions, other social payments and assistance that are the main source of subsistence shall ensure a standard of living not below the subsistence minimum established by law”, – is spoken in article 46 of the Constitution.
“Pensions, other social payments and assistance that are the main source of subsistence shall ensure a standard of living not below the subsistence minimum established by law”, – stated in article 46.
At the moment the cost of living for Ukrainians, who lost capacity to work (pensioners) – UAH 1312. The same minimum pension. According to the Pension Fund, about 100 thousand Ukrainians receive a “social pension” below 1312 hryvnia. “Social pensions” are the Ukrainians, who have reached the age of 63, it does not have the necessary for charge of pension on age seniority.
The living wage is reviewed several times a year, the size of the increase depends on the rate of inflation. Currently, the subsistence minimum for able-bodied Ukrainian hryvnia 1624. In this case, the consumer basket is about two times more.
What else guaranteed by the Constitution:
- The right to life (article 27)
- The right to respect for human dignity (article 28)
- The right to inviolability of the home and personal inviolability and freedom (29 and 30 of the article)
- The right to free choice of residence (article 33)
- The right to protest and strikes (39 and 44 of the article)
- Right to trial
Every citizen of Ukraine must obey the laws, moreover, article 67 of the Constitution says: “Everyone shall pay taxes and fees in the manner and amounts established by law.” According to SFS, about 60% of employers who checked in the first half of last year were paid salaries “in envelopes”. As a result, the employers paid Ust, personal income tax and military duty only part of the amount, thus violating the Constitution.
By the way, in the main law of the country also describes the powers and duties of a member of Parliament: MPs must vote in person (article 84), in addition, without the consent of Parliament is not unable to apprehend or prosecute. There are constitutional and the Soviet rudiment. Parliamentarians have the right to request any organ of government, state enterprises and even private companies.
Businessmen and officials in response to the request must give the results of the consideration specified in the request in question. Judge of the constitutional court in resignation Vladimir Shapoval is sure that such rights of MP is not consistent with the ideology of parliamentarism. “These queries that has no analogues in other States, reflect an exaggerated vision of the status of people’s deputies and inconsistent with the ideology of parliamentarism,” writes the judge in his column for “ZN”.