This year discounts on utilities will receive nine of the fifteen million Ukrainian families. From the state budget subsidies plans to spend more than 50 billion hryvnia, but over time this number will only grow. In the next few months for Ukraine will rise in price of electricity and cold water. In addition, as experts believe, the government should also review the tariff for gas for the population, which depends on the cost of heating and hot water. “Today,” answered the major questions about the subsidy program in Ukraine.
It is true that in March, communal subsidies will increase due to the cost of the light?
No. The amount of subsidy depends on the social norm of consumption and family income. Subsidies are recalculated twice a year – a mandatory payment (as many Ukrainians with the grant paying for the communal, the rest is compensated by the state) until the end of the heating season will not change.
However, given that in March, more expensive electricity, the state will have to provide subsidies to more money. Subsidianes is not affected.
Next season will have to pay more even with the subsidy?
Yes. In may reduce the social norm of heat consumption, as well as gas and electricity if they are used for heating. If not reduce the heat consumption, the following winter, the amount of the payment even with the subsidy could rise to 1400 hryvnias.
Now that the subsidies cover 330 cubic meters heating the apartment with an area of 60 square meters, in the next heating season “utilities discount” will charge only 300 cubic meters. If we continue to burn 330 cubic meters, 30 cubic meters have to pay without subsidies. According to the current rate is still 204 hryvnia.
In the apartment of the same size, with Central heating, the subsidy will cover instead of 3.28 is only 2.5 Gcal of heat. If you do not reduce consumption, 0,7 Gcal will have to pay without subsidies. In Kiev, this amount of heat will cost about 1411 USD.
I decorated minimalno salary, it is increased two times. For communal have to pay more?
Yes, but only in a year in season 2018-2019. Now the subsidy accrued income-based 2015, in 2017 it will calculate based on the income for last year, and only in 2018 will take into account the income from the new minimum wage.
For example, the total income of a family of four in 2016 – 3200 UAH (two parents with minimum wage and two children). 800 hryvnia each. The amount of compulsory payments to the social security authorities calculate according to the formula: 800 / 1544 / 2 * 15% = 3,8% of the total income, that is for communal family will give 121,6 hryvnia. Next year, after growth of the minimal salary, the same family with two minimum wages on four pay for communal 492,8 of the hryvnia, that is 371,2 hryvnia more.
I have a little extra income that I declare, I’ll take the subsidy?
When calculating the subsidies take into account only official income. As explained Today in the Ministry of Finance, to determine who and how earns, almost impossible. The level of shadow economy according to various estimates up to 40%, the lion’s share of their income Ukrainians do not declare.
If additional income is not furnished, or subsidence at work part of their salaries paid in “envelopes”, discover this very difficult.
And for that you can take the subsidy?
At the moment the Ministry of Finance found among subsidianes more than 100 thousand families, which during the year purchased a plot of land or real estate (worth more than 50 thousand hryvnia), and then issued a grant.
Now the results of the verification of seven thousand families were left without subsidies (the state saved almost 15 million). Just a “blacklist” of the Ministry of Finance got 185 thousand grantees, now the information is verified by the social security authorities.
As explained on the hotline of the Cabinet, to write without a grant of Ukrainians are for two reasons: grantee hides part of the income; grantee made a purchase for the sum from 50 thousand within 12 months of receipt of a “discount.” Without the help can also be those Ukrainians whose income over the past year increased significantly.
If a family is unemployed, his income is zero in the calculation of the subsidy?
No, according to the decision of the government to the unemployed family member who is not on the account in the employment center, when calculating the grants is charged to income in the amount of two living wages – at the moment it is 3088 hryvnia, in December, this amount will increase to 3248 hryvnia. That is, the unemployed will take into account the income above the minimum wage.
Heard that subsidies will be paid with money. Is this true?
We are planning to do. However, it is likely that this year the monetization of subsidies to Ukrainians is not worth waiting. “The monetization of subsidies discussed in the Cabinet. The government thinks about it. Finally the realization that monetization is necessary, there”, – said the representative of the Ministry of Finance, the head of the office of reforms Yana Bugrimova. After that, suggest officials will have an incentive to save – less spent on bills, the more money is left. If now the “saved” funds be transferred to the following month, after the monetization of the “change” you will receive “hands on”.
There are several possible monetization schemes. The first is to pay money Teplokommunenergo (CTV), which will offset the subsidies, the second is to transfer the money allocated for subsidies directly to consumers. The second model also has several variants. On the card can list all the money, and the Ukrainians will be able to spend them at its discretion, or the card will list only the savings, if the grantee used the resources provided by a social norm.