That the fuel in the vehicle is not the only liquid and oil also need to be changed regularly, knows even a novice owner. But in the car there are a few liquids that need to be monitored and from time to time need to change. We recall today.
The engine oil is designed for lubricating parts of the cylinder group. In the process of operation of the engine it is subjected to enormous extremes of mechanical and thermal loads. Because in the crankcase oil during the winter the Parking lot is cooled to negative temperatures, and further, when starting the engine lubricates the parts in the hottest parts of the engine, where the combustion of fuel. Naturally, in such circumstances, even the best oil will not live forever. And timely change is important, because at stake — the life of the engine, repair of which are costly.
HOW TO CHECK AND HOW OFTEN. Owners old “the Zhiguli” recommended to check the oil level almost every time you arrive at the gas station. In modern cars there is no need so frequent checking, just once in a month. And it is important to do it correctly. The vehicle must be standing on level ground: any incline level will be shown incorrectly. With the engine off, open the hood and remove the dipstick. Immediately it will not show the correct level while engine is running, the oil circulates. Dipstick, wipe, then reinsert until it stops and a few seconds to pull back. Now the oil level is true. If it does not meet the manufacturer’s recommendations (usually it should be between the min and max marks on the dipstick), it is necessary to add, and for adding use the same oil that flooded into the engine. Mixing different oils is not permitted!
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE. Opinions differ: from 6-8 to 15-20 thousand km We recommend to strictly follow the instructions to the car. No one except the manufacturer can’t give the best recommendations on oil change interval. And recall, with him changing the oil filter!
Its function is to lubricate gears and other details that are a significant burden in the process of transferring the torque from the engine to the wheels.
How to check and how often. The owners of cars with manual transmissions will likely never have to check the oil level in it. Moreover, the manual transmission is almost never equipped with probes for this test. Also do not need to check the level and top gears (bridges). Thus, the control of oil level in the transmission can be performed only during routine maintenance in the conditions of service.
The exception is when the car show signs of fluid leak and it is suspected that flows from the transmission. But then it is better to contact the service. But the owners of cars with “automatic” is to check the level in the transmission simultaneously with the check engine oil level, because most of the breakdowns of the automatic transmission associated with the oversight. Typically, the probe transmission easy to find: it red. But the test procedure differs from engine oil: the engine should be started and the transmission is warmed up. Is documentation, because in some cars it is recommended to check when the engine was running, some in muted (but after warming up!).
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE. The answer to this question will give only first owner.
The task of the antifreeze, that is, the cooling liquid, otherwise called antifreeze, is to remove heat from the engine. The car cooling system is complex and balanced, so the lack of antifreeze temperature mode of the engine is abnormal. The lower the coolant level, the closer the engine is to the “boiling” is fraught with expensive repairs.
HOW TO CHECK AND HOW OFTEN. Under the hood of each car, regardless of make or model, there is a surge tank. He is always readily available, so it was convenient to check and refill the fluid. It is usually located the labels the minimum and maximum allowed level. Is to maintain the level between these marks. Pour the liquid: when heated, it expands and can leak over the edge.
To check the antifreeze level is at each basic car maintenance, but not less than once in 2-3 months. And of course, it’s worth doing once, if the cooling system is not effective enough.
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE. Every 2-3 years the fluid should be completely changed because its properties deteriorate over time. But if the antifreeze changed the color became dark and muddy — it is better not to delay the replacement, and to do so quickly: probably just got defective.
Brake system is one of the most important in any car, because its reliability depends on safety. Therefore, monitor the condition of the brake fluid should be every driver (except, of course, those who drive trucks with air brakes).
HOW TO CHECK AND HOW OFTEN. Many owners of modern cars think to check the amount of brake fluid is not necessary at all, because on the dashboard there is an indicator that lights up when falling below the permissible level. But to be safe it is worth at least the replacement of the engine oil to look into the brake fluid reservoir.
Simultaneously, you can look in the hydraulic clutch to check the fluid level in it.
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE. Once in two years. But if in the process of checking the level of the liquid changed color and became brown, or darker is better not to pull. Brake fluid should be Golden brown.
Hydraulic power steering allows you to make driving easy and effortless. Many drivers do not remember what the rudder without the amplifier. But in order not to feel all the “charms” tight steering, the need to monitor the fluid level in the reservoir to the power steering.
HOW TO CHECK AND HOW OFTEN. Check the fluid level in the power steering reservoir is recommended once a month. Make it pretty simple: just need to know where under the hood is the power steering reservoir. It should be noted that operational amplifier liquid level cannot drop below the minimum mark, so if this happens, do not hesitate to visit a HUNDRED to find the cause of the leak. Typical symptom of low fluid level are also squeaking and other unusual sounds in the steering wheel.
HOW OFTEN SHOULD I CHANGE. Answer manual: some manufacturers recommend the replacement of once in 80 thousand km, others prescribe not to change it at all, if the level is normal.
WATER IN THE WASHER AND HYDROCORTONE HEADLIGHTS
In the car there are several fluids in the washer or hydrocortisone headlights. With the first all is clear. Check the washer fluid reservoir and refilling fluid depend on the intensity of its operation: if a dry summer there you can do not stop in the period autumn-winter off-season we have to do almost every day.
The liquid in hydrocortone headlights to check and change is not necessary: it will serve for all resources of a hydraulic drive.